City of Meppen
|Height :||17 (14-22) m|
|Area :||4.45 km²|
|Residents :||1116 (Dec. 31, 2013)|
|Population density :||251 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||March 1, 1974|
|Postal code :||49716|
|Area code :||05931|
Location of Bokeloh in Meppen
Bokeloh has about 1240 inhabitants on an area of 4.45 km² and is located on the Hase in the east of the urban area of Meppen.
The painter Otto Pankok lived in Bokeloh with his family from 1938 to 1941 , so that he could live and work undisturbed by the National Socialists . In the old village school, which was renovated in 2002, he is remembered in a permanent exhibition.
With St. Vitus, Bokeloh owns a church that is more than 1000 years old, which is probably the oldest in the district.
Bokeloh is a special case with regard to real estate: According to an unsecured tradition, the secretary responsible for the secularization of ecclesiastical property in the Napoleonic era was a cousin of the pastor of St. Vitus in Bokeloh at the Bishop of Osnabrück . He managed to put the Bokeloh files on the "back burner" until these difficult times for church property were over.
In this way, all the land in the village of Bokeloh remained the property of the parish until the 1960s, in contrast to the directly adjacent areas outside the town limits such as in Hofe (the Jansen and Meyring farms) and Vormeppen (the Wekenborg farm with the medieval Wekenborg Castle Wall ). Only then could the citizens of the village buy the land on which their houses stood.
Since the remaining areas are still owned by the parish, a later process can also be explained: Although the population increase was more in the northern village (settlement in the direction of the main road), the parish insisted on enlarging the St. Vitus Church. The farms located in the old village center (Kirchberg) were relocated, the old teachers' house was demolished and a modern new building was added to the church.
On March 1, 1974, Bokeloh was incorporated into the district town of Meppen.
The mayor is Hubert Kruse.
Origin of name
The name Bokeloh is composed of the qualifier boke (beech) and the basic word lo , loh also la (wood, forest). So the name means beech forest.
A plant for the production of chipboard and medium-density fibreboard is located north of the federal highway 402 . In the center of the village is the Giese restaurant (below the church on the Hase) and the hotel and restaurant "Am Hasetal". This hotel is operated as an inclusion hotel. In June 2008 a new café with an integrated kiosk was opened. International artists have been presented in the gallery atelierspuren since 2002.
Immediately at the Hase, three kilometers east of Meppen and one kilometer south of Bokeloh, in 1888 it was certain that a Roman camp had been found. It was named Wekenborg after the corridor there. It was assumed that the Roman camp or fort came from the earlier period of the Roman-Germanic wars (16 BC – 16 AD).
The hare used to have a different course and enclosed the camp on the sides. Only in the northeast did it have to be more strongly secured by additional ramparts and ditches.
A rampart was discovered that formed a square with a side length of around 200 meters. The researchers involved left no doubt about the Roman origins and that it was a marching camp, because not only the type and construction of the ramparts indicated, but also a presumed Roman military route passed by just one kilometer away.
Due to Otto Pankok's artistic stays and today's cultural offerings with the St. Vitus Church, the old school with museum, the Otto Pankok painter path and the Atelierspuren gallery with sculpture garden, the idyllic village of Bokeloh is also known as the “Worpswede des Emslandes ”.
- Geodata Center - Bokeloh
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 257 .
- Population figures according to: G. Uelschen: The population in Lower Saxony 1821–1961 , Hannover 1966; Yearbook of the Emsländischen Heimatbund , Vol. 20, 1973 for 1971; www.meppen.de from 2005
- Emsland / Bentheim, Contributions to History, Volume 10
- Paul Höfer: The Varus Battle pp. 83-84, Leipzig 1888