With Cornettton one is high Stimmton meant, which is common in old organs or in wind music. In regimental bands it is usually called the Turkish tone, Viennese high mood or high mood . It was widespread in Germany and Italy as well as in the Habsburg countries and ranged from 450 to 480 Hz. According to the definition commonly used today, the cornetto tone is equated with the organ tone (also chorus tone or church tone ).
The term goes back to the Roman horn, Latin Cornu . A high pitch can be heard especially well outdoors, so it was common in old field and military music , especially with marching troops. As before, z. B. the instruments of the band of the former infantry regiment Hoch- und Deutschmeister No. 4 are tuned to the Cornett tone. Overall, only a few bands maintain the Turkish tone in Austria .
Musicians often used the phrase in cornet tuned to describe organ instruments that were “too high-pitched” for them, instead demanding the French tone or the Viennese tuning .
The cornetto tone is usually a small second higher than today's orchestral or concert tone , namely: a '≈ 476.3 Hz at 15 ° C.
(In relation to the concert pitch a '440 Hz this would be a little higher than a b'.)
Cornett-tone instruments (high-pitched instruments, a selection)
- Festive organ of Klosterneuburg Monastery (1642)
- Organ of St. Marien (Buttforde) (1681, a '= 473 Hz at 19 ° C)
- Organ of the Pilsum Kreuzkirche (1694)
- Organ of the Watzendorfer Marienkirche (1734, a '= 466 Hz at 15 ° C)
- Instruments of the Austrian military band Original Hoch- und Deutschmeister (1741 and 1781)
- Instruments of the brass band Die Emaus-Jünger in Ebenau (a '= 461 Hz)
- Instruments of the Althofen Music Association
- Instruments of the Musikverein Hochstraß
- Arthur Mendel : Pitch in Western Music since 1500 - A Re-examination . In: Acta Musicologica , ed. from the International Society for Musicology , Edenda curavit: Hellmut Federhofer u. a., Volume 50, Basel 1978, pp. 1-275.
Notes and individual references
- 1820 z. As the composer says Franz Xaver Gruber that the organ, Arnsdorf to (presumably) two semitones would be too high: "[...] pity [...] that the organ [...] hochkornet and two pipes of transforming beÿgesetzt due to be would have to "; Stiftsarchiv Michaelbeuern : tray 54 , Franz Xaver Gruber: Brief description of the pilgrimage church in Arnsdorf , No. 72 (manuscript, 1820).. Quoted from: Roman Matthias Schmeißner: Studies on organ building in pilgrimage churches of the Archdiocese of Salzburg . Dissertation University Mozarteum Salzburg 2012, p. 12 and p. 358f.
- For diapason normal , an agreement was reached in France in 1858 on 435 Hz. In: MGG 8, Sachteil, Sp. 1828.
- Roman Schmeißner: Organ building in Salzburg pilgrimage churches , Duisburg & Cologne: WiKu-Verlag 2015, ISBN 978-3-86553-446-0 (also dissertation: Studies on organ building in pilgrimage churches of the Archdiocese of Salzburg , University Mozarteum 2012) p. 360.
- Linder organ building homepage . See:  , accessed November 5, 2015.
- Homepage The Emaus disciples . See:  , accessed September 4, 2016.
- Musikverein Althofen: Musikverein Althofen - www.hohestimmen.at. Retrieved April 8, 2019 .
- Home. Retrieved April 8, 2019 .