German alternative

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The German Alternative (DA) (not to be confused with the Alternative for Germany ) was a small neo-Nazi party in the Federal Republic of Germany . It was founded on May 5, 1989 and existed until December 10, 1992.

Foundation and activities

The DA was founded in 1989 on the initiative of Michael Kühnen from the Bremen regional association of the FAP . It was planned as a cadre forge of the “ community of ideas of the New Front ” (GdNF) and part of the neo-Nazi network that was established in the vicinity of the GdNF after the National Socialists / National Activists (ANS / NA) were banned . In addition to the DA , the Anti- Zionist Action , the Anti-Communist Action Alliance, the Free Trade Union Movement, the Volksbund Rudolf Hess , the Friends of Heinz Reisz , the National Collection , the National List and the Action for the Protection of Life are affiliated sub-organizations.

The founding chairman was Heinz Werner Seeger (former FAP state chairman Bremen). Right-wing extremists from various groups and parties were active in the DA (members of the GdNF, NPD , Republicans ). On March 16, 1990, the DA was entered in the party register. In Cottbus , the DA became the third largest member party. The number of members is given as 700 towards the end. The group was actively involved in the development of military sports groups , in the organization and implementation of the Rudolf Hess memorial marches and organized Naziskin concerts. In October 1992 it became publicly known that members of the DA were planning to set up so-called "mobile Einsatz-Kommandos".


On December 10, 1992, the DA was banned by the Federal Ministry of the Interior , taking into account the findings of the security authorities . The Federal Interior Minister based the ban on them according to Section 3 of the Association Act together with other groups that were not rated as a party within the meaning of the Political Parties Act but as right-wing extremist associations. The party appealed against the ban issued by the Interior Ministry and at the same time urged members to stand still. However, the Federal Administrative Court rejected the applications for suspensive effect of the claims. On August 30, 1995, the Federal Administrative Court ruled that the Federal Interior Minister's prohibition order was lawful. The court confirmed that the DA was not a party within the meaning of the Political Parties Act, but could be banned as an association under the Association Act.

Known neo-Nazis involved

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Right-wing radicals: Higher consecration . In: Der Spiegel . No. 51 , 1992, pp. 26-27 ( online ).
  2. a b BVerwG, judgment of August 30, 1995 - 1 A 14/92