|Douméga rural parish|
The community borders directly on the neighboring state of Nigeria . The municipality of Tibiri lies north of Douméga , and the municipality of Guéchémé to the south and west . The three places are all located on the Dallol Maouri dry valley , which runs in the direction of the Niger River , and at the transition from the Sahel to the fertile Sudan landscape . The municipality of Douméga, densely populated by Nigerien standards, consists of several villages, of which the most populous are Douméga, Birnin Falla (with Fala Goubé), Zoumbou and Zazatou. The village of Angoual Magagi is located directly at the border crossing to Nigeria. In total, the municipality is divided into 40 traditional villages, 23 administrative villages and two hamlets. The main town of the rural municipality is the administrative village of Douméga.
Douméga was founded by Magorawa, a subgroup of the Hausa . The name Douméga comes from the word Douma , which means " calabash tree ". The traditional head in the neighboring town of Tibiri occupies a regional leadership position, although the traditional head of Douméga denies him the right to do so. The former has its legitimate descent only matrilineal , while the latter can show a patrilineal descent. The family of Nigerien President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara , who was killed in 1999 , also came from Douméga. Since 2011, the rural community no longer belongs to the Dogondoutchi department , but to the newly created Tibiri department.
At the 2001 census, Douméga had 26,485 inhabitants. At the 2012 census, the population was 29,429. There is a sedentary and a transhumant part of the population. The settled residents are almost exclusively Hausa or belong to a Hausa- speaking group.
Economy and Infrastructure
Agriculture plays an important role in Douméga. In addition to millet , sorghum and pea , vegetables, fruit, cassava , sweet potatoes and sugar cane are grown in the Dallol Maouri valley . Douméga is also a trading post for cross-border trade with Nigeria. In the main town there is a local radio communautaire .
The population suffers from chronic malnutrition . Local grain production has too little income and many residents lack the financial means to buy the grain that is available in sufficient quantities on the markets.
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- R. Rochette, J.-D. Gronoff, F. Masseport and A. Valançot: Douméga, Dioundiou, Kawara Débé, villages des Dallols Maouri et Fogha. Monographies comparées . Etudes nigériennes No. 19. IFAN, Niamey 1966.
- Répertoire National des Communes (RENACOM) . Institut National de la Statistique website, accessed January 22, 2011.
- Republic of Niger: Loi n ° 2002-014 du 11 JUIN 2002 portant création des communes et fixant le nom de leurs chefs-lieux .
- Présentation de la commune de Douméga ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Website of the ANIYA Coopération Décentralisée Niger-France, accessed on January 27, 2011.
- Une nouvelle loi sur le redécoupage administratif . In: L'Arbre à Palabres . No. 13 , August 11, 2011, p. 2 ( nigerdiaspora.net [PDF; accessed on January 28, 2014]).
- Institut Nationale de la Statistique du Niger (ed.): Annuaire statistique des cinquante ans d'indépendance du Niger . Niamey 2010 ( online version ; PDF; 3.1 MB), p. 54.
- Presentation of the résultats globaux définitifs du Quatrième (4ème) Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat (RGP / H) de 2012. (PDF file) Institut National de la Statistique, 2014, accessed on April 21, 2014 (French ).
- La situation de la communication pour le développement au Niger (Etat des lieux). Tome 1. (PDF file; 461 kB) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2003, p. 131 , accessed on November 1, 2019 (French).