The term “ Druckkostenverlag ” usually refers to a grant publisher who provides a so-called “ printing cost subsidy ” for the creation of a book by third parties or the authors themselves in the sense of a proportionate assumption of the costs for printing or production and possibly also for distribution and warehousing. The term Druckkostenzuschussverlag is also used for this.
Possible assignments and delimitations
The cost of printing publishing differs according to Eduard Schönstedt of other business models of a subsidy publisher , either as "Herstellkostenverlag" a takeover of all, even beyond the beyond for the printing costs or as " vanity press " a takeover of all costs of preparing, including a previously factored profit margin for the Manufacturers raise. He rates it as serious when, today as in the past, scientific literature such as dissertations, habilitation theses and completed monographs are published with printing subsidies. Due to their special nature, they often cannot be published commercially because their target audience is minimal.
Since in practice the concepts of subsidy publishing as well as printing costs Publishing , printing costs Verlag , Herstellkostenverlag and cost publishing are partially defined differently, a clear assignment is difficult. Also, the attribution of the publishers does not have to correspond to the actual business model, e.g. B. when cost publishers are referred to as "Druckkostenzuschussverlag" ("DKZV"), although it is not just a grant.
In a Zeit article from 1975, Armin Ayren reported how he had requested several offers for volumes of poetry that were generally difficult to sell and was then only able to refer to a single one that would have met the criteria of a printing company.
Book publishers in the “traditional” sense or public publishers define themselves precisely by the fact that they assume the entire entrepreneurial risk and consequently do not demand any printing subsidies from their authors . However, to classify printing publishers as a publisher, especially in relation to the authors , requires that they conclude a publishing contract with the authors (e.g. in Germany according to Publishing Act ) and provide them with the requested subsidies, e.g. B. grant a comparatively higher share of the profit on copies sold and assume the costs of editing , storage (if fixed editions, e.g. offset printing ), sales and advertising are at your own risk . Without these characteristics they would be “not a publisher in the strict sense of the word”.
- Eduard Schönstedt: Der Buchverlag , Stuttgart 1991, pp. 60–62 .; see page 21 and 22, footnote 44 in: Jong-Rak Shin: Self-published in the literary life of exile in the years 1933-1945 ; Dissertation , June 2007, PDF file with 220 pages (793 kB); Furthermore, Schönstedt and the term Druckkostenverlag used by him is quoted in: Verena Huber: On the typology of the current German publishing landscape , in “Alles Buch - Studien der Erlanger Buchwissenschaft XLVI”, edited by Ursula Rautenberg and Axel Kuhn, Buchwissenschaft / Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg , 2012 ISBN 978-3-940338-27-3 , , PDF file, p. 19 of 114 pages.
- Publishing dictionary - D ( Memento from November 12, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) of the Autorhaus Verlag : “Druckkostenzuschussverlag: Incorrectly used term for companies that allow themselves to be paid by the author to print his work, but usually much more than a grant take the printing costs. " Available online at autoren-magazin.de
- Armin Ayren : The business with the poets . In: Die Zeit , No. 48/1975, November 21, 1975, accessed on February 3, 2013.
- See p. 177 and 178 here based on “grant publisher”, In: Karin Lackner, Lisa Schilhan, Christian Kaier (eds.): Publication advice at universities , Transcript Verlag , Bielefeld 2020 ISBN 978-3-8376-5072-3 .
- See paragraph 4 of the judgment of the Cologne Regional Court in the case law database NRW: LG Cologne, AZ: 28 O 334/07, May 14, 2008