Eberhard Roters

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eberhard Roters (born February 15, 1929 in Dresden ; † August 31, 1994 in Berlin ) was a German art historian and museum curator . He was the founding director of the Berlinische Galerie and author of numerous works on art from the 19th and 20th centuries.


Roters was the son of the married couple Rudolf (1898–1965) and Johanna Roters (née Löwe, 1902–1971). After graduating from the Rudolf Steiner School in Dresden in 1948, he began studying art history (with Wilhelm Worringer ) and philosophy and archeology at the Martin Luther University in Halle in 1949 . In 1951 Roters moved to West Berlin for political reasons . He continued his studies at the Free University of Berlin with Edwin Redslob and received his doctorate there in 1956 with the thesis "The woodcut of the artist group Brücke " , in 1976 he was awarded the title of professor.


During his “ wandering years ” as a young art historian, he held various positions. After an assistant at the Nationalgalerie Berlin , he became presidential secretary of the German Society for Fine Arts , exhibition curator at the Kunsthalle Nürnberg and presidential secretary of the Berlin Academy of the Arts . In 1972 he was co-organizer of the Trivial Realism - Trivial Emblematics department at Harald Szeemann's documenta 5 in Kassel. He developed his own exhibition concept, which aims to explain the art-historical context of an artist or a topic by putting aside documents relating to social history and politics.

In 1976 Roters became the founding director of the Berlinische Galerie, which he ran until 1987. For this he was awarded the Ernst Reuter badge in silver. An honorary scholarship from the Senate of Berlin made it possible for him to design his highly acclaimed book “Painting of the 19th Century” , which was published posthumously in 1998 from the estate. In addition to numerous curated exhibitions, Roters was involved in the conception and collaboration in the exhibition project “Stations of Modernism. The most important art exhibitions of the 20th century in Germany ” .

Roters' posthumous archive, which included his library, correspondence with artists, galleries, institutions and art associations, materials for exhibitions and photo documentation, is located in the Berlinische Galerie. The Eberhard Roters grant for young art has been awarded since 1999 . The Eberhard-Roters-Platz in Berlin-Kreuzberg is named in his honor. There is an Eberhard Roters Hall in the Berlinische Galerie .

Roters was married to Hanna Lutze (* 1933) since 1963. She is the editor of his bibliography “Art is a game that makes you serious” , published in 2000, for which the Berlinische Galerie 2000 organized a dedication exhibition in honor of Roter at the Academy of the Arts, and she works at the Eberhard Roters archive of the Berlinische Galerie.

Curated exhibitions

  • 1960: Berlin, place of freedom for art , National Gallery Berlin
  • 1966: labyrinths. Fantastic art from the 16th century to the present day
  • 1967: Avant-garde Eastern Europe 1910–1930
  • 1968: Le salon imaginaire
  • 1970: The educational instinct of fabrics
  • 1972: Nefertiti and the dwarfs
  • 1974: Aspects of the early days
  • 1977: Dada in Europe - Works and Documents , 15th European Art Exhibition Berlin 1977; Municipal gallery in the Städelsche Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main, 1977/1978
  • 1987: Me and the city. People and cities in 20th century art , Martin-Gropius-Bau


Fonts (selection)

  • Painter at the Bauhaus. ( The Art of Our Time ; Volume 18). Rembrandt Verlag, Berlin 1965 (English 1969 from Praeger).
  • Dada: Dada in Europe - Works and Documents (with Klaus Gallwitz , Hanne Bergius ), Städelsches Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main, Reimer, Berlin 1977, ISBN 3-496-01002-9 .
    • Also in: tendencies of the twenties. 15th European Art Exhibition Berlin 1977. (Catalog) Dietrich Reimer Verlag Berlin, Berlin 1977; Pp. 3 / 1–3 / 278.
  • Weltstadt Symphony: Berlin Realism, 1900–1950 (with Wolfgang Jean Stock), Kunstverein Munich, Fröhlich & Kaufmann, 1984 ISBN 3-88725-067-2
  • Vostell and Berlin, Life and Work 1971–1981. DAAD-Galerie Verlag, Berlin 1982. (Text about Wolf Vostell ).
  • Berlin, 1910–1933. Rizzoli, 1982, ISBN 0-8478-0439-9 (English)
  • Ferdinand Möller Gallery. The history of a gallery for modern art in Germany 1917–1956. Gebr. Mann Verlag, Berlin 1984, ISBN 3-7861-1181-2 .
  • 19th century painting. Ostfildern 1998, ISBN 3-7701-3078-2 (two volumes).
  • Hanna Roters (Ed.), Eva Züchner: Art is a game that makes you serious. Eberhard Roters: Letters and Texts 1949–1994. Dumont, Cologne 2000, ISBN 3-7701-5022-8 (therein: Bibliography E. Roters: pp. 188-282).


  • Willi Gorzny (Ed.): Internationaler Nekrolog (International Necrology) , 1994 edition, Saur, Munich 1996, ISSN  0177-7858 , p. 111

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Jürgen Harten, Horst Richter, Karl Ruhrberg: Art Yearbook , Volume 3, Fackelträger-Verlag, 1973, p. 114
  2. ^ Stations of Modernism: The Major Art Exhibitions of the 20th Century in Germany. September 25, 1988 to January 8, 1989. Berlinische Galerie, Museum of Modern Art, Photography and Architecture in the Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin. Nicolai, Berlin 1988, ISBN 3-87584-256-1 .
  3. Eberhard Roters on the Berlinische Galerie website
  4. Statute of the award (PDF; 76 kB) on the website of the Prussian Sea Trade Foundation
  5. Eberhard-Roters-Saal on the website of the Berlinische Galerie