Klaus Gallwitz

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Klaus Gallwitz, 2009

Klaus Gallwitz (born September 14, 1930 in Pillnitz near Dresden ) is a German art historian and curator .


Gallwitz was born as the son of the geologist Hans Gallwitz and his wife Ruth (née Klaus). He first studied ancient languages, then art history in Berlin, Halle, Kiel and Munich. In 1956 he received his doctorate in Göttingen. In 1957 he moved with his wife to Karlsruhe and until 1959 ran a gallery for contemporary art on Rondellplatz, the exhibition program of which was characterized by a close exchange with professors and students of the Karlsruhe Art Academy . From 1959 to 1967 he was managing director of the Badischer Kunstverein in Karlsruhe and from 1967 to 1974 he headed the State Art Gallery in Baden-Baden . He was a member of documenta from 1966 to 1968-Rates for the 4th documenta in 1968 in Kassel .

In 1974 Gallwitz was appointed director of the Städelschen Kunstinstitut in Frankfurt am Main , which he headed until 1994. At the same time he was honorary professor at the State University of Fine Arts - Städelschule , Frankfurt am Main. Since 1984 Klaus Gallwitz has been the spokesman for the advisory group for the art exhibitions of the Council of Europe , and for many years he was an adviser to the Deutsche Bank art collection. From 1995 to 2002 he was artistic director of the Künstlerhaus Schloss Balmoral in Bad Ems , from 2004 to 2006 founding director of the Museum Frieder Burda and from 2006 to 2008 founding director of the Arp Museum Bahnhof Rolandseck . From 2009 to 2010 he was the curator of the Rau Collection . Gallwitz is among other things an international expert on the work of Max Beckmann .


As Commissioner of the Federal Republic of Germany, Gallwitz was responsible for Germany's artistic contributions to the Paris Biennale in 1971, the São Paulo Biennale from 1989 to 1991 and the Johannesburg Biennale in 1995 . From 1976 to 1980 he was responsible for the German contribution to the Venice Biennale . In 1976 he showed the tram stop by Joseph Beuys in the German Pavilion in Venice , as well as works by Jochen Gerz and Reiner Ruthenbeck . In 1978 he presented works by Dieter Krieg and Ulrich Rückriem and in 1980 by Georg Baselitz and Anselm Kiefer .

In the "14 × 14" project in the Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, which he founded - and has since become legendary - the audience was presented with "open studios" for 14 days from 1968 to 1973. Gallwitz showed young artists, many of whom are now world famous, including Georg Baselitz , Christian Boltanski , Johannes Brus , Michael Buthe , Karl Horst Hödicke , Anselm Kiefer , Imi Knöbel , Dieter Krieg , Markus Lüpertz , Blinky Palermo , Gerhard Richter , Reiner Ruthenbeck , Eugen Schönebeck and Günther Uecker . In five years, 70 artists were presented in this series.

Since the successful presentations by Salvador Dalí (1971), Hans Makart (1972) and the Russian Realists (1972/73) in Baden-Baden, he has been considered the inventor of the “ blockbuster exhibitions ”. The Dalí exhibition had 160,000 visitors, 80% of whom were under 25 years of age.

Gallwitz lives in Karlsruhe . He was married to the biologist Esther Gallwitz (née Uebelmesser).

Works (selection)

Gallwitz was co-editor of the new series of the Städel yearbook from 1970 to 1995 and editor of the yearbook of the Künstlerhaus Schloß Balmoral from 1996 to 2002. He is the editor of over 100 exhibition catalogs.

  • Max Beckmann: Paintings 1905–1950. Exhibition catalog. Städel Frankfurt 1990/91, Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern 1990, ISBN 3-7757-0314-4 .
  • Picasso Laureate. His painterly work since 1945 , Lucerne a. Frankfurt / M. 1971, ISBN 978-3765801235 .
  • Picasso at 90. The Late Work. GP Putnam's, New York 1971, ISBN 0-297-99364-X .
  • Heinz Schanz : A picture book. For the exhibition in the town hall of Pliezhausen . 2001, ISBN 3-929431-11-4 .
  • Max Beckmann. People by the sea. Edited by Klaus Gallwitz with Ortrud Westheider. Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern 2003, ISBN 3-7757-1392-1 .
  • Thomas Bayrle. Raster search. Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1984, ISBN 3-518-11069-1 .
  • Anselm Kiefer. Ways of world wisdom / The women of the revolution: Women of the Revolution . Richter Verlag, Düsseldorf 2007, ISBN 978-3-937572-75-8 .

Web links

Commons : Klaus Gallwitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Klaus Gallwitz: Investigations into the Italian grave and memorial building of the 15th and 16th centuries . Unprinted dissertation, Göttingen 1956.
  2. Axel Heil, Harald Klingelhöller: 50 Years - The History of the Karlsruhe Art Academy in Pictures and Texts. Swiridoff, 2004, ISBN 3-89929-045-3 , p. 353.
  3. Guido de Werd (foreword): Fritz Getlinger. Joseph Beuys and the “tram stop”. Museum Kurhaus Kleve, March 19 to June 18, 2000, Kleve 2000, p. 10.
  4. Weltkunst , Volume 75, Issues 9-14, 2005, p. 80.