from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 59 ° 22 '  N , 27 ° 23'  E

Map: Estonia
Remains of a Dutch style windmill. It was built in Edise in the 19th century (photo from 2010).

Edise is a village ( Estonian küla ) in the municipality of Jõhvi ( Jõhvi vald ). It is located in Ida-Viru County ( East Wierland ) in northeast Estonia .

Description and history

The village has 200 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2012). It is located northwest of the city of Jõhvi .

The place was first mentioned in 1241 in the Liber Census Daniæ .

Good Edise

The first information about Gut Edise (German: Etz Castle ) comes from the year 1477. At that time it was owned by the noble Taube family . In the 17th century the estate belonged to the German Baltic Maydell family , and later to the Rosen family .

The single-storey main building was built in 1860 in the neo-renaissance style . The last Baltic German owners before the expropriation in the course of the Estonian land reform in 1919 were Sofie von Jermolov and Katharine von Baer.

For his services during the Estonian War of Freedom (1918–1920), the Estonian state donated the estate after the First World War to the major general and later long-time mayor of Tartu Aleksander Tõnisson (1875–1941). Most of the manor's buildings were destroyed in 1940.

Tõnisson was arrested by the Soviet occupation authorities the following year and executed in Tallinn . His wife and his younger son were inside Russia deported . A memorial plaque in Edise has been commemorating Aleksander Tõnisson since 2005.

In 1980, for the Summer Olympics, a restaurant was set up in a restored storage building with an arcade , and it still exists today.

Vassal castle of Edise

Edise's vassal castle was built on the estate in the 15th century. The three-storey, approximately nine-meter-high tower of the fortress was characteristic.

Together with the fortress church of Jõhvi and the castles in Purtse and Järve, it served to protect and control the important overland road between Tallinn and Narva .

During the Livonian War the castle fell into the hands of Russian troops in 1558 without a fight. Some of the walls remained until the Second World War . The few remaining remains have been under monument protection since 1998.

In 2012 the "Foundation Burg Edise" ( Sihtasutus Edise Linnus ) was founded. It is dedicated to researching and preserving the remains of the Edise castle and estate.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Archive link ( Memento of the original dated May 30, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.johvi.ee
  2. http://www.valgehobu.ee/
  3. http://www.mois.ee/deutsch/viru/edise.shtml
  4. http://register.muinas.ee/?menuID=monument&action=view&id=13871