Prepare to inherit

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The Erbbereiten is a mountain of court action that the mining was applied to the end of the 19th century. This act served the repeated precise measurement of a mine field, which had come to the so-called distribution of the yield. The term Erbbereiten was derived from preparing for an inheritance , which means as much as provide a permanent possession. According to other sources, the term was probably derived from the custom that the pit field to be measured was ridden on a horse. According to the Bohemian Mountain Regulations, the preparation of inheritance was a solemn measurement and marking of the pit.


The inheritance is mentioned as early as 1320 in a document from Friedrich , the Landgrave of Thuringia. Initially, the preparation of the inheritance served to confirm the field that had already been lent , later the preparation of inheritance was only used for pit fields that were harvested .

If the deposit of a mine was largely exploited and there were still residual ores in the roof or in the bottom , a mother could apply to the mining authority that these remains could still be extracted. The head of the Oberbergamt then decided whether the application was approved. Then the application was made public. For this purpose, the application was publicly announced within 14 days on the three Saturdays.

After the public proclamation three times, the members of the Upper Mining Office, the Mining Office, the mine supervisors and the trades , as well as the council members of the city gathered for the solemn survey at the place of inheritance . At the meeting, the motion was read out again in front of all those gathered. Then all those gathered were warned that it was forbidden to use the measuring line as a punishment. Then the field previously marked out by the Markscheider was measured by the mayor of the city.

After the measurement of the treasure trove or measurements was finished, the shift supervisor or the leaning carrier had the right to take a jump back. This jump was called the hereditary preparation jump and was used to add an additional length to the measured field. The mountain jury moved the perforated stone forward by the width of the jump . The surveying process was recorded in the legacy book and in the mountain book . If there were differences in the measurement, an objection could be raised against the measurement.

After the survey, everyone involved was entertained by the mine owners. The food served was called the hereditary preparation meal .

Inheritance preparation fees

A fee had to be paid for preparing the inheritance, the so-called inheritance fee . This fee was different in the respective mountain areas. In the Freiberg mountain area, according to old margravial mining law, it was customary to give a bucket full of wine. This custom was later converted into the payment of a sum of money. For this purpose, the money was counted on a new ass leather , the so-called inheritance leather , after the measurement . For this purpose, the inheritance leather was spread out on the ground and the inheritance fees were counted on it. The fees were paid by the shift supervisor. After the money was withdrawn, the inheritance leather was thrown among the assembled miners and the miner who caught it was allowed to keep it. Then the shift supervisor threw a few thalers in the form of small coins among the assembled miners, this custom was called hereditary expulsion .


  • Swen Rinmann: General mining dictionary . Zweyter Theil, Fr. Chr. W. Vogel, Leipzig 1808

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Moritz Ferdinand Gätzschmann: Collection of mining expressions. Craz & Gerlach Publishing House, Freiberg 1881.
  2. Thomas Witzke: Markscheiderische signs, boards and markings, pit field boundaries. Mine Archaeological Society (last accessed on February 23, 2015).
  3. Carl von Scheuchenstuel: IDIOTICON the Austrian mining and metallurgy language. kk court bookseller Wilhelm Braumüller, Vienna 1856.
  4. ^ Heinrich Veith: German mountain dictionary with evidence. Published by Wilhelm Gottlieb Korn, Breslau 1871.
  5. Mining dictionary . Johann Christoph Stöbel, Chemnitz 1778.
  6. ^ Carl Friedrich Richter: Latest mountain and hut lexicon. First volume, Kleefeldsche Buchhandlung, Leipzig 1805.

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