Erdmuthe Sophie of Saxony

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Erdmuthe Sophie of Saxony, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth

Erdmuthe Sophie von Sachsen (born February 25, 1644 in Dresden , † June 22, 1670 in Bayreuth ) was a Saxon princess from the house of the Albertine Wettins and by marriage Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth . The margravine was a hymn poet, writer and historian.


Erdmuthe Sophie was a daughter of Elector Johann Georg II of Saxony (1613–1680) from his marriage to Magdalena Sibylle (1612–1687), daughter of Margrave Christian of Brandenburg-Bayreuth . The princess was trained very carefully and comprehensively, among others the strictly Lutheran Orthodox Jakob Weller was involved in her upbringing . At the age of 11, Erdmuthe Sophie wrote hymns and dealt with constitutional and church history.

She married Margrave Christian Ernst of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1644–1712) in Dresden on October 29, 1662 . On the occasion of the lavishly celebrated wedding, both the Singspiel “ Sophia ” by Sigmund von Birken and the opera “ Il Paride ” (Italian; Paris ) by Giovanni Andrea Bontempi were premiered. Christian Ernst gave her Colmdorf Palace as a gift .

In Bayreuth, Erdmuthe Sophie continued to work intensively on scientific studies and held a “history college” every day after the devotion. Your first work action from the world age, the Holy Roman Empire stands, and the same nature , is an early work of the Enlightenment . In the work, which contained a Bible chronology, rulers tables and a list of major German educational institutions, they took a critical look at the Calvinism apart .

The margravine was considered one of the most educated women of her time. She died of a metabolic disease at the age of 26 and was buried in the parish church of the Holy Trinity in Bayreuth. Their marriage had remained childless. The Sophienberg near Haag is named after her on which Sophienburg Castle was built for the margravine between 1663 and 1668.

Erdmuthe Sophie von Sachsen, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, with Birkens poem

The poet Sigmund von Birken, with whom she was associated, dedicated the following verse to her:

Poets goddesses, you Greeks! One shows itself in heavenly here.
God's love, status, understanding, virtue, grace, mout and beauty,
Everything adorns this heroine, what is called heaven's ornament.
Fama! praise the crown of the earth. Heaven! crown them with prosperity.


  • Action of the age of the world, of the Holy Roman Empire, and the same quality , Bayreuth 1666, 2nd edition Leipzig 1674;
  • Strange church, state and world affairs , Nuremberg 1676.


Web links

Commons : Erdmuthe Sophie von Sachsen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sigmund von Birken, John Roger Paas: Unknown poems and songs of Sigmund von Birken, Editions Rodopi, Amsterdam, Atlanta 1990, p. 67