Erich Schumacher

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Erich Schumacher (born December 24, 1908 in Kenzingen near Freiburg i. Br. , † September 5, 1986 in Essen ) was a German theater director .


When Erich Schumacher took over the management of the theater in Kaiserslautern at the age of 29 during the National Socialist era (1938), he was Germany's youngest artistic director. For the years 1940 to 1945 he moved to the Städtische Bühnen Mönchengladbach-Rheydt as artistic director , from 1949 to 1958 he then worked as general director of the United Städtische Bühnen Krefeld-Mönchengladbach .

From 1958 to 1974 Schumacher worked in the same position at the Essen Municipal Theaters . Together with his dramaturge Ilka Boll , he set artistic accents that shaped the theater in Essen until the 1980s. For many years he worked with the general music director Gustav König as well as the directors Paul Hager , Claus Leininger and the choreographer Boris Pilato .

The names of Jean Genet , Paul Claudel , Rolf Hochhuth and Peter Weiss , some of whose pieces were even premiered in Essen, are also linked to his time in Essen.


  • Franz Feldens: 75 Years of the Essen Municipal Theaters. History of the Essen Theater 1892–1967 . Rheinisch-Westfälische Verlagsgesellschaft, 1967.
  • Helga Mohaupt, Rudolf Majer-Finkes: The Grillo Theater: History of an Essen theater building. 1892-1990 ; with documentation by Rudolf Majer-Finkes; Bonn: Bouvier, 1990, ISBN 3-416-80661-1
  • Jürgen Dieter Waidelich : Essen plays theater: 1000 and one hundred years; for the 100th birthday of the Grillo Theater. Vol. 1 (1992) and Vol. 2 (1994), ECON-Verlag, ISBN 3-430-19454-7

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