Ernst Durig

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Ernst Durig (born June 29, 1870 in Innsbruck ; † March 4, 1965 ibid) was an Austrian lawyer and President of the Constitutional Court .

After graduation at the Theresian Academy studied Durig at the University of Innsbruck Law and received his doctorate in 1893 for Dr. jur. After years of court practice, he was appointed to the Imperial and Royal Ministry of Justice in Vienna in 1899 , where he was promoted to Ministerialrat in 1912 . In 1918 he was taken over by the republic and in 1919 appointed head of section , the highest rank of civil servant.

In 1925 Durig resigned from the administration of justice and was appointed President of the Innsbruck Higher Regional Court . In 1930 he was appointed President of the Constitutional Court (VfGH). In 1933, after the elimination of the National Council, the dictatorial government of Dollfuss caused all conservative judges to resign. They also did nothing to fill the vacant positions, so that the VfGH was no longer quorate.

In 1934 the dictatorship created the Federal Court of Justice (Austria) by amalgamating the Constitutional Court and the Administrative Court and appointed Durig as its President. With the "annexation" of Austria to Nazi Germany , its function became obsolete.

When the Constitutional Court was reestablished in the Second Republic, Durig became its President again, as was the case until 1934, and was replaced in 1946 by the previous Constitutional Court Vice-President Ludwig Adamovich senior at the head of the court.

During this time, Ernst Durig was intensively involved in the sponsoring association of the Tyrolean State Museum Ferdinandeum and in the Austrian Alpine Association . The city of Innsbruck awarded him their ring of honor and named Durigstrasse after him.



  • Gertrude Enderle-Burcel , Michaela Follner: Servants of many masters. Biographical manual of the section heads of the First Republic and 1945. Ed. By the Documentation Archive of Austrian Resistance and the Austrian Society for Historical Source Studies, Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-901142-32-0 , pp. 75-77.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Official Journal of the State Capital Innsbruck, No. 8, August 1966, p. 2, digitized online at
  2. Award. In:  Innsbrucker Nachrichten , December 14, 1936, p. 18 (online at ANNO ).Template: ANNO / Maintenance / ibn