Conquest of Jerusalem (597 BC)

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Approximate extent of the New Babylonian Empire in the 6th century BC Chr.

The conquest of Jerusalem on March 16, 597 BC. BC was the first recorded capture of the city by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II.

Course and sources

In 605 BC BC Nebuchadnezzar defeated Egypt and thus also gained supremacy over the kingdom of Judah . King Jehoiakim made tribute payments . In 601 Nebuchadnezzar was defeated by an Egyptian army and Jehoiakim stopped paying tribute.

In Kislew (November / December) 598 Nebuchadnezzar was able to conquer the " land of Hatti " ( Syria , Palestine ). On March 16 (2nd Adar ) 597 he also conquered the "city of Jaahudu" (Jerusalem). The city was not destroyed. Details are u. a. Narrated in the Bible . Various books of the Tanach (Hebrew Bible, in Christianity the Old Testament ) and a cuneiform chronicle report on the conquest of Jerusalem .

Further course

Part of the population (especially members of the upper class) was brought to Babylon . Nebuchadnezzar deposed King Jehoiachin and replaced him with Zedekiah , whom he swore an oath of allegiance ( 2 Chr 36.13  EU and Ez 17.13  EU ). Zedekiah, however, broke this promise in his ninth year of reign (589 to 588 BC), as he probably made efforts to forge an anti-Babylonian coalition ( Jer 39.5  EU and 2 Kings 25.6  EU ). Thereupon the city became 587/586 BC. Once again conquered under the Babylonian king, but this time completely destroyed.

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Eckart Otto : Ancient Near Eastern and Biblical Legal History: Collected Studies , Harrassowitz Verlag , Wiesbaden 2008, p. 6 ( online ).
  2. WA 21946 British Museum (English) Template: dead link /! ... nourl ( page no longer available )