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Jojachin ( Hebrew יְהוֹיָכִין, Babylonian Ya'ukin šar mat Yaudaya ; * around 616 BC Chr .; † after 560 BC BC) was king of Judah as successor to his father Jehoiakim .


The Hebrew name יְהוֹיָכִין jəhôjākhîn is a sentence name. The subject forms the theophoric element יְהוֹ jəhô , the predicate comes from the root כון kûn , which in Hif'il means "set up / set up / establish / create / restore". The name is translated as " YHWH bestows / bestows durability". As the name variants appear יְכָנְיָה jəkhånjāh ( 1 Chr 3.16  EU ), יְכָנְיָהוּ jəkhånjāhû ( Jer 24.1  EU ) and כָּנְיָהוּ kånjāhû ( Jer 22,24  EU ), whose names are the same meaning apart from each other theophoric element.

The Septuagint gives the name with Ιωακιμ iōakim , all variants, however, with Ιεχονιας iechonias .


Jehoiakim the father of Jehoiachin was king of Judah. In 605 BC The Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II subjugated Judah and made it tributary. In 601 Nebuchadnezzar was defeated by the Egyptians and Jehoiakim stopped paying tribute. In 598 Nebuchadnezzar conquered Judah again. During this time, Jehoiakim died.

Jojachin became the new king at the age of 18. His reign lasted only three months and ten days. After conquering Jerusalem , he was deposed by Nebuchadnezzar.

After he was banished to Babylon with other officials, craftsmen and soldiers, he was imprisoned there for about 37 years. Through Nebuchadnezzar's successor Ewil-Merodach (Amel-Marduk) he was given back his freedom and stayed in Babylon. He is considered to be the founder of the exile chat .

Babylonian administrative documents

During the excavations around 1900, Robert Koldewey found Babylon's administrative documents in the south castle, which describe food rations for Jojachin and five of his seven sons. In 1933 it was possible for the first time to decipher the cuneiform writing on such a board. It was documented exactly what Jojachin ate at that time. A total of four different receipts have been received in which King Jehoiachin is mentioned. One such cuneiform tablet is on public display in the Vorderasiatisches Museum in Berlin .



  1. Gesenius , 16th ed. 1915, p. 337f.
  2. ^ Hermann-Josef StippJojachin. In: Michaela Bauks, Klaus Koenen, Stefan Alkier (Eds.): The Scientific Biblical Lexicon on the Internet (WiBiLex), Stuttgart 2006 ff.
  3. ^ AK Grayson: Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles . Augustin, Locust Valley NY 1975, ISSN  0082-3759 , p. 102.
  4. 2. Book of Kings 24: 11-12.
  5. 2. Book of Chronicles 36,9.
  6. ^ Georg Stadtmüller : Saeculum: Yearbook for Universal History , Volume 19. K. Alber, 1968, p. 146.

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predecessor Office successor
Joiakim King of Judah
598–597 BC Chr.