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Ahaz ( Hebrew אחז, Assyrian Jauhazi, also Achaz ) was king of the southern kingdom of Judah (735–715 BC), successor of his father Jotam and predecessor of his son Hezekiah .

In the first years of his reign, Ahaz was co-regent of his grandfather Azariah (Uziah), after his death around 740 BC. He became king himself. 733 BC The Syrian-Ephraimitic war broke out in which Rezin of Aram (Damascus) and Pekach of Israel ( 2 Kings 16.5  EU ) tried to make the Assyrian-hostile Aramean Ben Tabeal king of Judah ( Isa 7,6  EU ), after trying in vain to force Ahaz into the anti-Assyrian coalition. But according to the Bible, Ahaz bribed ( 2 Kings 16.8  EU) the Assyrian King Tiglat-Pileser III. with treasures from the Jerusalem temple ( 2 Kings 16.8  EU ); ( 2 Chr 28.21  EU ), special taxes of the elites ( 2 Chr 28.21  EU ) and his own property ( 2 Kings 16.8  EU ), so that it went against Damascus, captured it and killed Rezin. As a result, Ahaz became an Assyrian vassal and had changes made in the Temple of Jerusalem for the Assyrians' sake ( 2 Kings 16 : 15-18  EU ).

The term Ahazites is derived from the subordination of religion to the state there.


Individual evidence

  1. “Probably the vassals on the southern periphery of the Assyrian hegemonic area - Aram-Damascus, Israel, Tire, Ascalon, perhaps others too - took Tiglath Pileser's three-year engagement in the media and Urar ׅ tu (737-735 […]) as an opportunity to stop their tributes . The driving force of the rebellion was Raźyān [Biblical Rezin] from Aram-Damascus […]. As part of the preparations for the expected military reaction of the Assyrians, the so-called 'Syrian-Ephraimite War', in which, according to the usual interpretation, Raźyān of Aram and Pekah [Pekach] of Israel attempted to get Judah to join the anti-Assyrian war, probably belongs Coalition to force. “M. Weippert: Historical text book on the Old Testament . In: H. Spiekermann, RG Kratz (Ed.): Grundrisse zum Alten Testament, Volume 10, Göttingen 2010, p. 286.
predecessor Office successor
Iotam King of Judah
736–725 BC Chr.