Joram was king of Judah ; his reign is to 849-842 BC. BC (Albright) or 848–841 BC Chr. (Thiele) dated.
The Hebrew name Joram is written in the MT either יְהֹורָם jəhôrām or (more rarely) יוֹרָם jôrām . In both cases it is a question of sentence names, the meaning of which is the same apart from the different theophoric element. The subject (יְהֹו jəhô or יֹו jô ) is YHWH , the predicate belongs to the root רום rwm "to be high". The name therefore means "YHWH is exalted".
Joram was the eldest son and successor of Jehoshaphat , who had made him co-ruler during his lifetime . Joram is said to have killed his younger brothers Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariah, Michael and Shepatiah with the sword. He married Atalja , who came from the Israelite royal house of the Omrids . Despite the alliance with Israel, Joram's rule was threatened by attacks from neighbors. The Edomites rose against him and Joram had to recognize their independence. The city of Libna also rebelled, according to the information in 2 Chr 21,10 EU , because Joram had turned against the YHWH belief. Elijah then prophesied plagues and diseases to the king. A little later, the Philistines and Arabs invaded Judah to plunder the royal palace. Joram then, as Elijah prophesied, died in dire agony of an illness. Joram was the father of Ahaziah , who succeeded him, and of Josheba , who saved his grandson Joash .
- Andreas Hilpert: Joram. In: Michaela Bauks, Klaus Koenen, Stefan Alkier (Eds.): The Scientific Biblical Lexicon on the Internet (WiBiLex), Stuttgart 2006 ff.
- Thomas Willi: Juda, Jehud, Israel. Studies on the self-image of Judaism in Persian times . Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 1995, ISBN 978-3-16-146478-2 .
King of Judah
849–842 BC Chr.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||King of Judah (849–842 BC)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||9th century BC Chr.|
|DATE OF DEATH||around 842 BC Chr.|