The Archdiocese of Hankow (Latin Archidioecesis Hancheuvensis ) is a metropolitan archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the People's Republic of China .
The mission area of the Franciscans was established on September 11, 1870 as the Apostolic Vicariate Hubei-Ost from areas of the dissolved Apostolic Vicariate Hubei and changed its name to Apostolic Vicariate Hankow on December 12, 1923. Pope Pius XII elevated it to an archbishopric on April 11, 1946 .
In 1950 the 12,120 km² diocese had 35,239 Catholics (1.6%) in 25 parishes with 11 diocesan priests , 49 religious priests and 128 religious sisters .
Suffragan diocese: Diocese of Hanyang , Diocese of Ichang , Diocese of Kichow , Diocese of Laohokow , Diocese of Puqi , Diocese of Shihnan , Diocese of Siangyang , Diocese of Wuchang
Due to the political situation, the diocese has gone underground and has not been occupied until today.