Ewald Kaiser

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Ewald Kaiser (born May 25, 1905 in Dessau , † December 10, 1992 in Berlin ) was a KPD politician .


After attending middle school, Kaiser learned the profession of typesetter . Between 1928 and 1933 he was a garbage collector in Herne .

From 1919 Kaiser was involved in trade unions , from 1920 a member of the socialist youth workers , later in the Communist Youth Association (KJVD) and the KPD. From 1932 he was a full-time secretary of the KJVD. He was also the youngest member of the Prussian state parliament in 1932 and 1933 . In the summer of 1932 Kaiser attended the Reichsparteischule of the KPD "Rosa Luxemburg" . Also in 1932 Kaiser ran unsuccessfully for a seat in the Reichstag. For the party, he tried to address young voters in various cities as a “candidate for the youth”.

In 1934 Kaiser was arrested by the Gestapo and sentenced by the People's Court in 1935 for “preparing for high treason”. He was in prison until 1944. After that he was an inmate of Sachsenhausen concentration camp until liberation .

After 1945 Kaiser was chairman of the KPD in North Rhine-Westphalia . In 1946 he was a member of the Provincial Council for Westphalia . He was also a member of the appointed Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1946 and 1947 . Then Kaiser was a member of the elected state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia until 1953. From May 1947 to July 1948 he was second vice president.

Because of disagreements over the party line, Kaiser was forced to resign and move to the GDR. There he was a community worker and party secretary of the SED in East Berlin. In 1980 he received the gold medal for the Patriotic Order of Merit .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Mayer, Party purges in the West German KPD (PDF file; 64 kB) p. 95.
  2. ^ Neue Zeit , May 2, 1980, p. 4.