Franz Richarz (physicist)

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Franz Joseph Matthias Richarz (born October 15, 1860 in Endenich ; † June 10, 1920 in Marburg ) was a German physicist and university professor .

Franz Richarz studied physics first at the University of Bonn and then at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin , where he received his doctorate in 1884 under Hermann von Helmholtz . During his studies in 1878 he became a member of the Alemannia Bonn fraternity .

Richarz was then a private lecturer at the University of Bonn. In 1895 he succeeded Anton Oberbeck at the University of Greifswald as a full professor and director of the Physics Institute. From 1901 until his death he was the first director of the Physics Institute at the University of Marburg .

Richarz became known for the exact determination of the value of the gravitational constant , which he carried out together with Otto Krigar-Menzel in the casemates of the Spandau fortress . In 1907 he was accepted into the physics section of the Leopoldina .

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  1. a b c Walter Schallreuter: The history of the physical institute of the University of Greifswald. In: Festschrift for the 500th anniversary of the University of Greifswald. Volume 2. Greifswald 1956, p. 459 f.
  2. see Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg (HStAMR), Best. 915 No. 5715, p. 352 ( digitized version ).
  3. ^ Directory of the old men of the German fraternity. Überlingen am Bodensee 1920, p. 271.
  4. A Brief History of Physics in Greifswald (2014) .
  5. ^ Member entry of Franz Richarz at the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina , accessed on August 10, 2015.