from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sun chariot , Bronze Age cult chariot
Antique illustration of a wagon

A wagon is one of draft animals drawn carriage . The outdated term Stellwagen has been preserved in the job title of Stellmacher for the wagon builder.

Terms wagon, cart and wagon

Zebras as draft animals
Elephants as draft animals
Unchanged for centuries: Bulgarian farm wagon 1988
Eight-horse wagon in Merano, 1900
Wilhelm Devers Rollfuhrwesen Harburg 1888

The beginnings and developments of vehicles are comprehensively dealt with under the heading of wagons .

Carts and wagons are means of transport on land that consist of a flat loading area, a box with or without doors and a hood or a similar construction made of e.g. T. very different materials. It is mounted on a single or on several axes and is relatively easy to move thanks to rolling friction; A route or road is not essential for movement, but it is an advantage; also a draft animal or human is required to overcome the rolling friction. The carriage differs from sledges , bar loops and similar means of transport that operate with sliding friction. It represents a significant step forward for long-distance and mass transports, especially compared to transport (pack donkeys, pack animals, box carriers and the like).

Until the invention of mechanical drives, the wagons were dependent on draft animals, then together with the harnessed donkeys , oxen , horses (or other draft animals) they were called carts. With the technical development, many terms have shifted. In the 19th century, for example, a truck usually meant a type of wagon; today truck is synonymous with truck .

Construction types of wagons

Robust versions were the cart wagons common in agriculture , named after the surrounding railing, and the covered wagon used as a trading wagon and by emigrants , English waggon (also rail freight wagons). The trailer was used to transport construction timber or round timber .

Depending on the design, there were a large number of different terms for wagons for passenger transport such as:

  • Carriage (sprung, with hood)
  • Body (representative)
  • Kremser (covered wagon with benches as rental car)
  • Fiaker and cab (the horse-drawn forerunners of today's taxis)
  • Stagecoach, Stellwagen, society car, etc. ( horse omnibus , the horse-drawn forerunner of today's bus)
Plant irrigation wagon, 2018

In the city center of Schwäbisch Gmünd , the urban plants have been watered by a horse-drawn vehicle with a water tank since 1992.

Use of draft animals

Individual evidence

  1. History of the car and the wheelwright trade ( Memento of December 10, 2004 in the Internet Archive )
  2. One PS for 160 flower pots , Gmünder Tagespost , article from July 31, 2015


Web links

Wiktionary: Fuhrwerk  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations