Gay Games

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Entry of the athletes at the closing ceremony of the Gay Games 2006

Gay Games is a sporting event that has been held every four years since 1982. It is organized under the umbrella organization of the Federation of Gay Games ( FGG ) especially for homosexual participants, but there are no restrictions on participation and no qualifications . The Gay Games are thus in the tradition of international workers' sport , which also renounced qualifications.


1998 boat parade in Amsterdam

The history of homosexuality is closely linked to the history of sports, as training together creates a special, body-related relationship of trust. The Gay Games event was founded in 1980 by Tom Waddell , a homosexual American Olympic decathlete . His goal was to create a sports event that was free from homophobia . Originally, the event , based on the Olympic Games, was supposed to be called Gay Olympics , but the National Olympic Committee had the use of the Olympics part of the name forbidden because the Federal Amateur Sports Act of 1978 gave it sole naming rights to the term Olympic Games . The first Gay Games were in 1982 in San Francisco instead, with a budget of 350,000 US dollars and 1,350 participants who competed against each other in seventeen sports. The organizer at that time was still the San Francisco Arts and Athletics organization founded by Waddell , which was to become part of the FGG in 1989.

Today the event with around 30 sports and around 14,000 participants is one of the world's largest mass sports tournaments . In addition to the sports program, there is also an extensive cultural program with choir and band competitions, exhibitions as well as theater and cabaret performances. The event begins with an opening ceremony and usually lasts for a week. It concludes with a closing ceremony with the handover of the insignia to the host of the next games.

In 2006 the Games split. Canadian Montréal parallel to found the Gay Games in Chicago Outgames instead. Starting in 2009, these will now also be held every four years in a shifted rhythm.

The Gay Games of 1998 in Amsterdam and 2002 in Sydney each ended with a million deficit. The local organizers of the Gay Games in Cologne 2010 also had to file for bankruptcy in 2011. The 2006 organizers in Chicago, however, announced that the event had caused no losses.


Games year venue Attendees motto
I. 1982 United StatesUnited States San Francisco 1,350 Challenge
II. 1986 United StatesUnited States San Francisco 3,500 triumph
III. 1990 CanadaCanada Vancouver 7,300 Celebration
IV. 1994 United StatesUnited States new York 12,500 Unity
V. 1998 NetherlandsNetherlands Amsterdam 13,000 Friendship
VI. 2002 AustraliaAustralia Sydney 11,000 Under New Skies
VII. 2006 United StatesUnited States Chicago 12,000 Where the world meets
VIII. 2010 GermanyGermany Cologne 10,000 Be part of it!
IX. 2014 United StatesUnited States Cleveland / Akron 10,000 Go All Out!
X. 2018 FranceFrance Paris 10,000 All equal
XI. 2022 Hong KongHong Kong Hong Kong

The tenth Gay Games were held in the French capital Paris in 2018 . The metropolis prevailed against Olympic hosts London and the Irish Limerick in the award .

Web links

Commons : Gay Games  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files


  • Patrick Hamm et al. (Ed.): Moving men, The gay book on sport. 1st edition. Jackwerth-Verlag, 1996, ISBN 3-932117-23-9 .
  • Arnd Krüger : The Homosexual and Homoerotic in Sport. In: James Riordan , Arnd Krüger (Ed.): The International Politics of Sport in the 20th Century. Routledge, London 1999, ISBN 0-419-21160-8 , pp. 191-216.
  • Heike Bosch, Philipp Braun: Let the games beGay! Moving moments at sporting events of a special kind. Verlag Gatzanis, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-932855-11-6 .
  • Caroline Symons: The gay games: a history. Routledge, London et al. 2010, ISBN 978-0-415-47296-8 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Agnes Elling: Gay Games. In: David Levinson, Karen Christensen (Eds.): Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport. Berkshire Publishing Group, Great Barrington 2005, ISBN 0-9743091-1-7 .
  2. Arnd Krüger , James Riordan (Ed.): The Story of Worker Sport . Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill. 1996, ISBN 0-87322-874-X .
  3. ^ Arnd Krüger : The Homosexual and Homoerotic in Sport. In: James Riordan , Arnd Krüger (Ed.): The International Politics of Sport in the 20th Century . Routledge, London 1999, pp. 191-216.
  4. ^ Gay Games: The Story of a Bankruptcy. In: Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger. June 1, 2017.
  5. ^ 2006 Gay Games a (relative) financial success. In: Chicago Tribune . online, July 11, 2007, accessed November 1, 2011.
  6. Thomson Reuters : Hong Kong to host 2022 Gay Games as LGBT acceptance grows in parts of Asia , October 31, 2017, last accessed: October 31, 2017.
  7. Paris is awarded the contract for Gay Games 2018. on: , October 8, 2013, last accessed: October 31, 2017.