Gay Games is a sporting event that has been held every four years since 1982. It is organized under the umbrella organization of the Federation of Gay Games ( FGG ) especially for homosexual participants, but there are no restrictions on participation and no qualifications . The Gay Games are thus in the tradition of international workers' sport , which also renounced qualifications.
The history of homosexuality is closely linked to the history of sports, as training together creates a special, body-related relationship of trust. The Gay Games event was founded in 1980 by Tom Waddell , a homosexual American Olympic decathlete . His goal was to create a sports event that was free from homophobia . Originally, the event , based on the Olympic Games, was supposed to be called Gay Olympics , but the National Olympic Committee had the use of the Olympics part of the name forbidden because the Federal Amateur Sports Act of 1978 gave it sole naming rights to the term Olympic Games . The first Gay Games were in 1982 in San Francisco instead, with a budget of 350,000 US dollars and 1,350 participants who competed against each other in seventeen sports. The organizer at that time was still the San Francisco Arts and Athletics organization founded by Waddell , which was to become part of the FGG in 1989.
Today the event with around 30 sports and around 14,000 participants is one of the world's largest mass sports tournaments . In addition to the sports program, there is also an extensive cultural program with choir and band competitions, exhibitions as well as theater and cabaret performances. The event begins with an opening ceremony and usually lasts for a week. It concludes with a closing ceremony with the handover of the insignia to the host of the next games.
The Gay Games of 1998 in Amsterdam and 2002 in Sydney each ended with a million deficit. The local organizers of the Gay Games in Cologne 2010 also had to file for bankruptcy in 2011. The 2006 organizers in Chicago, however, announced that the event had caused no losses.
|VI.||2002||Sydney||11,000||Under New Skies|
|VII.||2006||Chicago||12,000||Where the world meets|
|VIII.||2010||Cologne||10,000||Be part of it!|
|IX.||2014||Cleveland / Akron||10,000||Go All Out!|
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- Thomson Reuters : Hong Kong to host 2022 Gay Games as LGBT acceptance grows in parts of Asia , October 31, 2017, last accessed: October 31, 2017.
- Paris is awarded the contract for Gay Games 2018. on: derwesten.de , October 8, 2013, last accessed: October 31, 2017.