Georg Klemperer

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Georg Klemperer 1904, painted by Sophie Koner
Berlin memorial plaque on the house, Turmstrasse 21, in Berlin-Moabit

Georg David Klemperer (born May 10, 1865 in Landsberg / Warthe ; died December 25, 1946 in Boston ) was a German internist.


Georg Klemperer was a son of the reform rabbi Wilhelm Klemperer and had seven siblings, four sisters and three brothers. His brothers were the writer and literary scholar Victor Klemperer , the physician Felix Klemperer and the lawyer Berthold Klemperer (1871-1931). The conductor Otto Klemperer (1885–1973) was his cousin.

Klemperer was Ernst Viktor von Leyden's assistant from 1887 to 1896 , completed his habilitation in 1889 at the First Medical Clinic of the Charité and in 1906 became chief physician at the Moabit Hospital . He was instrumental in the national reputation of this hospital. In 1922 and 1923 he was called to Moscow several times by the Soviet government to deal with Lenin . He pointed out the great importance of an adequate diet in the treatment of diseases and also dealt with hypnosis and naturopathy . His textbook Grundriss der Klinischen Diagnostik appeared in 26 editions by 1931. Together with his brother Felix, he edited the multi-volume work New German Clinic: Concise Dictionary of Practical Medicine with special consideration of internal medicine, pediatrics and their border areas . For decades he shaped the German Society for Internal Medicine , to which he dedicated an extensive historical treatise on the 50th anniversary of its founding. Klemperer was one of the first members of the drug commission of the German medical profession (see also Anke Schlicht: Literature )

In March 1895 Georg Klemperer and Maria Umber, sister of the physician Friedrich Umber , married in Wiesbaden. The couple had five sons and one daughter.

On May 4, 1933, he was released because of his Jewish descent; in 1936 he and his wife fled to live with their sons in the USA. Maria Klemperer died in Merano in 1937 at the age of 63 .

In 2007, the Charité introduced a Georg Klemperer honorary lecture in honor of the physician , which has taken place every two years since then. The Berlin Medical Association has been awarding the Georg Klemperer Medal of Honor since 2007 to personalities who have rendered outstanding services to patient care in Berlin and the reputation of the medical profession.

Works (selection)

  • Clinical diagnostics floor plan . August Hirschwald, Berlin 1890 (digitized version) , 2nd edition 1890 (digitized version) , 3rd edition 1892 (digitized version) , 7th edition 1896 (digitized version) , 8th edition 1899 (digitized version) , 9th edition 1900 (digitized version) , 10th edition Edition 1902 (digitized) , 11th edition 1903 (digitized) , 12th edition 1905 (digitized) . A total of 26 editions from 1890 to 1931.
    • Nathan E. Brill and Samuel M. Brickner (translators). The elements of clinical diagnosis. New York 1898 (1st American after the 7th German edition) (digitized) , 1899 (2nd American after the 7th German edition) (digitized)
  • About the metabolism and the coma of cancer patients. With remarks on the coma diabeticum . Berlin clinical weekly, 1889, No 40 (digitized version)
  • Justus von Liebig and the medicine. Lecture given on September 22, 1899 . Publishing house August Hirschwald, Berlin 1900.
  • Internal medicine textbook for doctors and students . Volume I. August Hirschwald, Berlin 1905 (digitized version)
  • The current state of cancer research . August Hirschwald, Berlin 1912 (digitized version)
  • New German Clinic, Concise Dictionary, 10 vols. (Eds. Georg and Felix Klemperer), Urban and Schwarzenberg, Berlin, Vienna, 1928–1935.


Web links

Commons : Georg Klemperer  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Hessisches Staatsarchiv, registry office Wiesbaden, secondary marriage register 1895, p. 238
  2. Victor Klemperer: “I want to give testimony to the last.” Volume 1: Diaries 1933–1945 . Aufbau-Verlag Berlin 1995. ISBN 3-351-02340-5 . P. 733, note on p. 266.
  3. ^ Robert Service : Lenin. A biography . Harvard University Press, Cambridge 2000. ISBN 0-674-00330-6 . P. 443.
  4. ^ Ralf Forsbach / Hans-Georg Hofer, internists in dictatorship and young democracy. The German Society for Internal Medicine 1933–1970, Berlin 2018, pp. 199–202.
  5. Müller-Oerlinghausen, Bruno: The drug commission of the German medical profession; In the field of tension between the interests of the medical profession and the pharmaceutical industry - a story of successes and defeats 1911–2010. In: Drugs Commission of the German Medical Association. Retrieved August 22, 2020 .
  6. United States of America, District of Massachusetts, Boston, Declaration of Intention No. 276298 of May 28, 1938
  7. The Georg Klemperer Medal of Honor. In: Berlin Medical Association. Retrieved November 14, 2018 .