Ayutthaya Historical Park

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Historic City of Ayutthaya
UNESCO world heritage UNESCO World Heritage Emblem

Ruins of Wat Mahathat
National territory: ThailandThailand Thailand
Type: Culture
Criteria : iii
Reference No .: 576
UNESCO region : Asia and Pacific
History of enrollment
Enrollment: 1991  (session 15)

Coordinates: 14 ° 21 ′ 0 ″  N , 100 ° 35 ′ 0 ″  E

Map: Thailand
Ayutthaya Historical Park
Historical view of Ayutthaya, which was commissioned by the Dutch East India Company and published in Vingboon's Atlas around 1660 . It can be seen today in the so-called Bushuis in Amsterdam .

The Ayutthaya Historical Park ( Thai : อุทยาน ประวัติศาสตร์ พระนครศรีอยุธยา spoken: [ ʔùttʰáʔjaːn pràʔwàttìʔsàːt pʰráʔ náʔkʰɔːn sǐ ʔàʔjúttʰáʔjaː ], English: Ayutthaya Historical Park ) includes the ancient city of Ayutthaya , which the 4. March 1351 by King U Thong was founded. It was the capital of the Siamese kingdom of Ayutthaya until it was captured by the Burmese army in 1767 and practically razed to the ground.


Overview map of the historical park

According to the Royal Chronicles of Ayutthaya , “in the year 712 of the Chula calendar , a year of the tiger, on Friday, the sixth day of the waxing moon in the fifth month, at three nalika and nine bat after daybreak” ( lit. : Cushman, 2000), on March 4, 1351 A.D. shortly after nine in the morning, founded by King U Thong .

The Thai Arts Department (about: Academy of the Arts ) began the first phase of restoring the ruins in 1956. In 1976 the area was declared a Historical Park ( Ayutthaya Historical Park ), which accelerated further restoration work. In 1991, the park was in the list of World Heritage of UNESCO added.


See also


  • Richard D. Cushman ( David K. Wyatt Ed.): The Royal Chronicles Of Ayutthaya . The Siam Society , Bangkok 2000, ISBN 974-8298-48-5 (literal translation and direct comparison of 7 chronicles available today, from the foundation to King Taksin).

Web links

Commons : Ayutthaya Historical Park  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Historic City of Ayutthaya. UNESCO - Memory of the World, 1991, accessed March 1, 2015 .