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without rank: Otophysa
Order : Carp-like (Cypriniformes)
Subordination : Carp fish-like (Cyprinoidei)
Family : Gudgeon relatives (Gobionidae)
Genre : Gobio
Type : Gudgeon
Scientific name
Gobio gobio
( Linnaeus , 1758)

The gudgeon ( Gobio gobio , also called cress and landscape kressling or kressling ) is a sociable carp fish that is widespread in western and northern Europe and occurs in fast-flowing, but also stagnant waters with gravelly or sandy bottoms and vegetation. Gudgeons grow to around 10 cm, rarely over 15 cm.

The common gudgeon has a round body, a relatively large head, a lower mouth and a pair of sensitive barbels . It always lives on the bottom of the water and feeds on insect larvae , molluscs and crustaceans .

Gudgeons spawn at night in early summer at a water temperature of 12 to 18 ° C. The sticky eggs stick to plants or rocks, and it takes up to four weeks for the young to hatch, which feed on plankton crabs. The fish is considered to be very potent .

Importance to fishing

The gudgeon is often used as a bait fish for predatory fish . In the process, he has already been carried off into some bodies of water that he would hardly have reached by himself (for example in the Lunzer See , around 1970). As an edible fish, for example breaded and fried in the pan, it is very tasty. However, due to its small size, it is rarely caught for food. As a fish for cold water aquariums , it is definitely recommended, this also applies to garden ponds.

Hazardous situation

The gudgeon is included in the Red List of Endangered Species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) and is currently designated as Least Concern .


In the fairy tale of the Brothers Grimm Of One Who Set Out to Learn Fear , the protagonist learns his lesson by pouring gudgeons into his bed while he sleeps.

Web links

Commons : Gudgeon  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. cress (fish) , entry in the Duden (accessed June 11, 2015)
  2. Kressling , entry in Duden (accessed June 11, 2015)
  3. Gobio gobio in the endangered Red List species the IUCN 2009. Posted by: Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M., 2008. Accessed March 7 of 2010.
  4. ↑ A fairy tale of one who set out to learn to be afraid (1837) . Text on Wikisource. Retrieved May 12, 2010.