Hamburger Allee (Frankfurt am Main)
|Street in Frankfurt am Main|
|Tram line 17 crosses Hamburger Allee (left) in the direction of City-West|
|place||Frankfurt am Main|
|District||Westend , Bockenheim|
|Connecting roads||Friedrich-Ebert-Anlage (southeast) and Kasseler Straße (northwest)|
|Cross streets||Senckenberganlage , Theodor-Heuss-Allee , Varrentrappstraße, Schloßstraße, Emser Bridge|
|Buildings||Plaza Büro Center , Poseidonhaus , art house cinema Orfeo's Erben|
|Street length||650 meters|
The Hamburger Allee connects the exhibition grounds of Frankfurt am Main with the residential areas in Frankfurt-Bockenheim .
The approximately 650-meter-long street begins in the Westend at the Ludwig-Erhard-Anlage opposite the exhibition grounds ( festival hall ) and runs in a straight line in a north-westerly direction to Adalbertstraße, just before the Westbahnhof in the Bockenheim district .
The picture shows the intersection with Schloßstraße and Varrentrappstraße. The tree-lined Hamburger Allee runs from the bottom right to the top left.
The street was created in the course of the relocation of the Frankfurt railway systems, when the Frankfurt West Railway Stations were replaced by the new central station in 1888 . The entrance of the Main-Weser-Bahn , which originally ran straight from the Westbahnhof (then: Bockenheim ) to today's main station and turned there in a westerly direction, following today's Kaiserstraße , had to be given an entry curve that extended far to the west. With this new driveway, the old route was dispensable. The abandoned route was converted into a street and was initially called Bahnstrasse . Its northern section was subsequently called Moltkeallee and was renamed Hamburger Allee after the Second World War .
Character of the street
The street is characterized by the mixed use of hotel, school and residential buildings and their traffic function, as well as - almost along its entire length - by a wide median with tram route and avenue trees. In its northern section there are mostly residential buildings. There is a primary school and two vocational schools and various cultural institutions such as a museum and cinema. Rail vehicles continue to operate on the former railway line in Hamburger Allee: In the eastern part, various tram lines since 1906, currently tram line 16 to Ginnheim and, since December 13, 2003, tram line 17 to the intersection of Nauheimer Straße / Voltastraße . This connects the fair with the Rebstock site . In order to protect the old trees in the avenue, parts of the route were only extended to a single track. Nevertheless, numerous avenue trees had to give way , especially for the construction of the Nauheimer Straße stop . Residents resisted the construction of the tram route for many years. As arguments, they cited above all the safety on the way to school and the noise pollution for students at the Bonifatius School. The last part of the street, between Adalbertstraße at Westbahnhof and the crossing Voltastraße / Emser Straße, is set up as a two-lane one-way street in a south-easterly direction.
The most famous building on the street is the Westend Gate in Hamburger Allee 2, a 159 meter high skyscraper. After opening in 1976, it was for a short time Germany's tallest skyscraper. The Leo complex (formerly Poseidonhaus ), a striking building on the corner of Theodor-Heuss-Allee, is also known for its exposed location and architecture. From 2000 to 2003, the headquarters of Aventis Pharma AG (now Sanofi-Aventis ) was located here , and from 2013 the ING-DiBa bank will combine its Frankfurt offices at one location. It belongs to an open real estate fund owned by DEGI . This was a subsidiary of Dresdner Bank until 2007 and since then a subsidiary of Aberdeen Asset Management .
From 1981 to 1990 the English Theater was located at Hamburger Allee 45. After moving to Kaiserstraße , an art house cinema , the Orfeo , moved into these rooms . After its closure in 1997, the building was rebuilt and reopened at the beginning of 1999 with a new concept under the name Orfeo's Erben as a gastronomic cinema , a combination of a small, modern cinema and an attached restaurant with upscale gastronomy.
The headquarters of the German Pharmaceutical Society and the institute for socio-ecological research are also located here .
There are also three schools on Hamburger Allee, the Gutenberg School, the Bonifatius School and the Technical School for Clothing and Fashion.
Today's Bonifatius School was founded on March 24, 1841 in the then independent Bockenheim as a Catholic school. The school building was at Frankfurter Strasse 175, next to the Bock pharmacy in today's Leipziger Strasse . The school, which had 41 students when it opened, grew rapidly. Since the school building was too small , a new building was moved into on May 20, 1845 at Schöne Aussicht 26, today's Adalbertstrasse 26. In 1852 152 students were taught. In 1874 there were already 431 students, which required a move to a new house on Elisabethenplatz. In 1895 Bockenheim was incorporated into Frankfurt. As a result, the school was given the current name Bonifatiusschule. In 1914 the school received the status of a state, Catholic elementary school . Now 341 girls and 371 boys were taught in a building at Rödelheimer Strasse 10-12.
The current school building at Hamburger Allee (then Moltkeallee) 43 was built between March 4, 1901 and February 1902 according to the design of the urban planning inspector Max Berg . From October 1902 the school started operating at the new location.
During the Second World War , the school building was damaged in the air raids on Frankfurt am Main . Nevertheless, the lessons continued with over 1,000 students working in shifts, as other schools had suffered major damage. In 1955 the number of pupils fell to 600 with the opening of the Kuhwaldschule and the Philipp Reis School and shift work could be stopped. In 1961/1962 the war damage was repaired. During this time, classes took place in nearby schools. Over time, the proportion of foreigners among the students continued to increase. In 1983 it was 59 percent.
- State Office for Monument Preservation Hessen (Ed.): Railway in Hessen. Railway buildings and routes 1839–1939 , 1st edition. Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-8062-1917-6 , vol. 2.1, route 001, p. 19ff; Line 10, p. 196.
- ↑ Renaming of streets in Frankfurt after the Second World War on www.aufbau-ffm.de. ( Memento from December 31, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ FAZ.net of February 13, 2012 - We are now an adult bank
- ^ DEGI - German Society for Real Estate Funds (Hrsg.): Grundwertfonds: Real estate directory for listing of assets . March 31, 2006, p. 44 ( online [PDF; 96 kB ; accessed on November 16, 2006]). online ( Memento of the original from September 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Jerzy Ilkosz: The Centennial Hall and the Exhibition Grounds in Breslau - the work of Max Berg . Munich 2006, ISBN 978-3-486-57986-4 , pp. 30, 31
- ↑ History of the school ( Memento of the original from November 28, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
Coordinates: 50 ° 6 '52.9 " N , 8 ° 38' 55.3" E