Hanan Ashrawi

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Hanan Ashrawi at the Mercator Professorship in Duisburg 2007

Hanan Ashrawi ( Arabic حنان عشراوي Ḥanān ʿAschrāwī ; * October 8, 1946 in Nablus , League of Nations mandate for Palestine ) is a Christian Arab (Palestinian) politician of the party of the " Third Way " and an English scientist .


After studying English at the American University of Beirut , where she received her master's degree, Aschrawi studied Medieval and Comparative Studies at the University of Virginia , Charlottesville , and completed her studies with a doctorate . In 1973 she went back to Palestine, where she set up the English department at Bir Zait University in the West Bank .

She was director of the department from 1973 to 1984, with a three-year break from 1978 to 1981, and from 1986 to 1990 she was dean of the Faculty of Arts. Until 1995 she was a faculty member of Bir Zait University, she published poetry, short stories and articles on Palestinian culture, literature (including an anthology on the literature of Palestine) and politics.

Her father was one of the founders of the Palestine Liberation Organization ( PLO) . She has been politically active since 1974. She founded the Bir Zait University Legal Aid Committee and a project to protect human rights. Her political work became known in one fell swoop when she joined the Intifada Political Committee in 1988. She served on these diplomatic committees until 1993. From 1991 to 1993 she was the official spokeswoman for the Palestinian delegation in the Middle East peace process and a member of the delegation's steering and executive committee.

Between 1993 and 1995, the Palestinian Authority was created with the signing of the peace agreement by Yasser Arafat and Yitzchak Rabin . Ashrawi was chair of the preparatory committee for the Independent Palestinian Human Rights Commission in Jerusalem, and later an elected member (constituency of Jerusalem) of the Palestinian Legislative Council.

In 1996, Ashrawi was appointed Minister of Education and Research; In 1998, she resigned from office in protest against political corruption in the Arafat-dominated Palestinian leadership.

In 1998, Ashrawi founded the Palestinian Initiative to Promote Global Dialogue and Democracy, an initiative that aims to promote human rights.

In 2000 she received an honorary doctorate from Saint Mary's University Halifax . In 2003 she was awarded the Sydney Peace Prize from the University of Sydney . In 1995 she published her memoir entitled This Side of Peace .

In 2007 Aschrawi was the holder of the Mercator Professorship at the University of Duisburg-Essen.


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Commons : Hanan Ashrawi  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files