Hans Krahe

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Hans Krahe (born February 7, 1898 in Gelsenkirchen , † June 25, 1965 in Tübingen ) was a German philologist and linguist.


Krahe had been associate professor for comparative linguistics at the University of Würzburg from 1934 and full professor from 1946 , where he founded the archive for the names of waters in Germany in 1942 . From 1947 to 1950 he was a professor at the University of Heidelberg and finally from 1950 until his death professor of comparative linguistics and Slavic studies and head of the Indology and Slavic seminars at the University of Tübingen .

In 1940 Krahe was traded as a candidate for the chair for comparative linguistics and Slavic philology at the Westphalian Wilhelms University of Münster (WWU). Thereupon, however, the rector of the WWU, the professor for botany Walter Mevius , intervened on August 2, 1940 at the Reich Ministry for Science, Education and National Education (REM). At this point in time, the appointment procedure on the part of the WWU was apparently almost complete. However, due to new information, the rector was forced to intervene. In the meantime, he has learned that Prof. Hans Krahe, named first on the list of suggestions, has two Jewish great-grandmothers. Even if the Civil Service Act therefore does not exclude an appointment to the chair, as a biologist he must emphasize that two Jewish great-grandparents in genetic terms correspond to one Jewish grandparent, so Krahe must be addressed as a second-degree hybrid in genetic terms and that he is out of this Reason is not possible to stand up for his vocation. In addition, Krahe would not advocate the Nazi state . Therefore he asked the Reich Ministry of Education (REM) not to appoint him.

Krahe was of the opinion that the names of waters represented the oldest evidence of European linguistic history and that therefore any linguistic research into the primeval times of a country should start from the names of the waters. The result of his research was that the oldest water body names had to be formed from names for water or for directly related factors. His formulation was as follows: “With regard to semasiology and etymology, the most original and undoubtedly oldest name layer is based on so-called water words, that is, from terms for 'flowing water', 'source', 'brook', river ', or' flow '. ..with countless finer and finest shades of meaning, as they were in abundance at the disposal of the earlier man during his close observation of nature ... " .

This theory, known as " Old European Hydronymy ", by Krahe and his student Wolfgang P. Schmid is still controversial today.

Since 1948 he was a member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences . His son, born in 1928, is the prehistorian Günther Krahe .

Publications (selection)

  • The ancient Balkan Illyrian geographical names . Carl Winter, Heidelberg 1925.
  • Lexicon of old Illyrian personal names . Carl Winter, Heidelberg 1929.
  • The Venetian. his position in the circle of related languages . Carl Winter, Heidelberg 1950.
  • Language and prehistory . Quelle and Meyer, Heidelberg 1954.
  • The language of the Illyrians . 2 vol. 1: The sources. Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 1955. 120 pages, ISBN 3-447-00534-3
    2: The Messapic inscriptions and their chronology by Carlo de Simone.
    The Messapic personal names of Jürgen Untermann. 1964, ISBN 3-447-00535-1 .
  • Prehistoric linguistic relationships from the Baltic countries to the areas around the northern part of the Adriatic . [on commission from] Steiner, Wiesbaden 1957 (= treatises of the humanities and social sciences class of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz. Born 1957, No. 3).
  • Linguistic breakdown and movements in ancient Europe. Steiner, Wiesbaden 1959 (= treatises of the humanities and social sciences class of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz. Born 1959, No. 1).
  • The structure of ancient European hydronymy . Publishing house of the Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz; Steiner, Wiesbaden 1963 (= treatises of the humanities and social sciences class of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz. Born 1962, No. 5).
  • Our oldest river names. Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 1964, ISBN 3-447-00536-X .
  • Indo-European Linguistics. I. Introduction and phonology. de Gruyter, Berlin 1966.
  • Indo-European Linguistics. II. Form theory. de Gruyter, Berlin 1969.
  • Germanic Linguistics. I. Introduction and phonology. de Gruyter, Berlin 1963.
  • Germanic Linguistics. II. Form theory. de Gruyter, Berlin 1967.
  • Germanic Linguistics. III. Word formation theory. (Collection Göschen) Science publishing house Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1969. ISBN 3-11-006290-9 .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Münster University Archives, Inventory 4, BI 11 spec., Volume 3, Mevius an REM, August 2, 1940.
  2. Jürgen Udolph : Anatolia was not the original home of the Indo-European tribes . In: Eurasian magazine. 03-04, March 26, 2004
  3. ^ Members of the HAdW since it was founded in 1909. Hans Krahe. Heidelberg Academy of Sciences, accessed June 29, 2016 .