Hans Rosenplüt spent most of his life in Nuremberg and wrote 1431-1460 mainly sayings , saying poems and rhyming words . He made a particular contribution to the carnival game , which he made into a literary genre. In this genre he is next to Hans Folz the most important representative before Hans Sachs .
The first sure proof of his life is the application made to the Nuremberg council in 1426 for membership in the citizenship. As sarwürht -Master - so chainmail -Macher - he's already testified a year later. His mention in 1428 as a redsmith ( i.e. a brass caster ) allows the conclusion that he changed his trade.
In 1444 he was appointed city gunsmith , which made him the overseer of the entire city gun system. As the holder of this office, Hans Rosenplüt was involved in a not insignificant role in the “ Nuremberg Margrave War ” in 1449/1450.
Since the last datable seal by him dates from 1460 and his salary as a gunsmith ended in the third quarter of this year, one can probably assume that he died that year.
The tales have all - with two exceptions, one of which is The five killed pastor - erotic character, often clergymen (a provost , priest, pfaffen or monastery monks ) are presented in the role of adulterers. This tendency is clearest in the Maere Der Bildschnitzer von Würzburg , although the attribution of this work to Hans Rosenplüt is uncertain. Also controversial is Rosenplüt's authorship for the legendary story Die Ärzte , consisting of 445 rhyming verses , in which the doctors Ippocras , Galienus and Orienes experience miraculous experiences in dialogue with Jesus Christ . Wolfgang Spiewok ascribes the story, written in verse, Die Wolfsgrube Rosenplüt. It can be found in the Altdeutsches Decamerone collection .
He possibly wrote six political-historical poems on behalf of the Nuremberg Council.
Example for Priamel from Rosenplüt:
Whoever trusts a wolf on the haid and
a pawrn on his aid and
a munch on his conscience,
is shitty here and there.
In today's German:
Who trusts a wolf on the heath
and a farmer (?) Believes on his oath
And a monk on his conscience,
He gets shit here and there.
- Thomas Cramer: History of German Literature in the Late Middle Ages . Munich 1990, ISBN 3-423-30779-X (on Rosenplüt: page 286 ff.).
- Gottfried Drywa: Hans Rosenplüt 'The traveling student', sexual comedy in the Middle Ages - analysis and interpretation . Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-640-44982-8 .
- Hansjürgen Kiepe: The Nuremberg Priameldichtung: Investigations on Hans Rosenplüt and on writing and printing in the 15th century (= Munich texts and investigations on German literature in the Middle Ages; 74). Munich 1984, ISBN 3-7608-3374-8 .
- Jörn Reichel: Hans Rosenplüt called Schnepperer (approx. 1400–1460). In: Fränkische Lebensbilder 9/1980, pp. 61–79.
- Jörn Reichel: The poet Hans Rosenplüt. Literature and life in late medieval Nuremberg . Stuttgart 1985, ISBN 3-515-04385-3 .
- Johannes Rettelbach: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-428-11203-2 , p. 73 ( ). In:
- Gustav Roethe: Rosenplüt, Hans . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 29, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889, pp. 222-232.
- Irene Stahl: The Mastersingers of Nuremberg: archival studies (= Nuremberg workpieces for city and state history; 33). Nuremberg 1982, ISBN 3-87432-080-4 .
- Literature by and about Hans Rosenplüt in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by Hans Rosenplüt in the complete catalog of incandescent prints
- Review of the book by Jörn Reichel: The poet Hans Rosenplüt
- Hans Rosenplüt in the Bavarian literature portal (project of the Bavarian State Library )
- Kurt Illing: 'The Doctors'. In: Author's Lexicon . Volume I, Col. 506 f.
- Wolfgang Spiewok (Ed.): Altdeutsches Decamerone , Berlin 1989, p. 775
- Horst Brunner: History of German literature in the Middle Ages at a glance. Reclam: Stuttgart 2007, page 340
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Hans Schnepperer|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||late medieval poet and mastersinger|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1400|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Nuremberg|
|DATE OF DEATH||around 1460|
|Place of death||Nuremberg|