Hans Rosenplut

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Hans Rosenplüt (Rosenblüth, Rosenblut) the Schnepperer (* around 1400 in Nuremberg ; † probably summer 1460 in Nuremberg) was a gunsmith and poet .


Hans Rosenplüt spent most of his life in Nuremberg and wrote 1431-1460 mainly sayings , saying poems and rhyming words . He made a particular contribution to the carnival game , which he made into a literary genre. In this genre he is next to Hans Folz the most important representative before Hans Sachs .

The first sure proof of his life is the application made to the Nuremberg council in 1426 for membership in the citizenship. As sarwürht -Master - so chainmail -Macher - he's already testified a year later. His mention in 1428 as a redsmith ( i.e. a brass caster ) allows the conclusion that he changed his trade.

In 1444 he was appointed city gunsmith , which made him the overseer of the entire city gun system. As the holder of this office, Hans Rosenplüt was involved in a not insignificant role in the “ Nuremberg Margrave War ” in 1449/1450.

Since the last datable seal by him dates from 1460 and his salary as a gunsmith ended in the third quarter of this year, one can probably assume that he died that year.


About 25 carnival games , three spiritually colored, didactic stories, nine signed and two unsigned Maeren as well as 13 rhyming speeches are attributed to Hans Rosenplüt .

The tales have all - with two exceptions, one of which is The five killed pastor - erotic character, often clergymen (a provost , priest, pfaffen or monastery monks ) are presented in the role of adulterers. This tendency is clearest in the Maere Der Bildschnitzer von Würzburg , although the attribution of this work to Hans Rosenplüt is uncertain. Also controversial is Rosenplüt's authorship for the legendary story Die Ärzte , consisting of 445 rhyming verses , in which the doctors Ippocras , Galienus and Orienes experience miraculous experiences in dialogue with Jesus Christ . Wolfgang Spiewok ascribes the story, written in verse, Die Wolfsgrube Rosenplüt. It can be found in the Altdeutsches Decamerone collection .

He possibly wrote six political-historical poems on behalf of the Nuremberg Council.

The attribution of the numerous Klopfan sayings (a Nuremberg local genre), proverbial stanzas, beer and wine greetings and priamels that have been handed down under his name is very uncertain .

Example for Priamel from Rosenplüt:

Whoever trusts a wolf on the haid and
a pawrn on his aid and
a munch on his conscience,
is shitty here and there.

In today's German:

Who trusts a wolf on the heath
and a farmer (?) Believes on his oath
And a monk on his conscience,
He gets shit here and there.


In Berlin-Frohnau ( Reinickendorf district ) the Rosenplüterweg is named after him.


  • Thomas Cramer: History of German Literature in the Late Middle Ages . Munich 1990, ISBN 3-423-30779-X (on Rosenplüt: page 286 ff.).
  • Gottfried Drywa: Hans Rosenplüt 'The traveling student', sexual comedy in the Middle Ages - analysis and interpretation . Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-640-44982-8 .
  • Hansjürgen Kiepe: The Nuremberg Priameldichtung: Investigations on Hans Rosenplüt and on writing and printing in the 15th century (= Munich texts and investigations on German literature in the Middle Ages; 74). Munich 1984, ISBN 3-7608-3374-8 .
  • Jörn Reichel: Hans Rosenplüt called Schnepperer (approx. 1400–1460). In: Fränkische Lebensbilder 9/1980, pp. 61–79.
  • Jörn Reichel: The poet Hans Rosenplüt. Literature and life in late medieval Nuremberg . Stuttgart 1985, ISBN 3-515-04385-3 .
  • Johannes Rettelbach:  Rosenplüt, Hans, called Schnepperer. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-428-11203-2 , p. 73 ( digitized version ).
  • Gustav Roethe:  Rosenplüt, Hans . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 29, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889, pp. 222-232.
  • Irene Stahl: The Mastersingers of Nuremberg: archival studies (= Nuremberg workpieces for city and state history; 33). Nuremberg 1982, ISBN 3-87432-080-4 .

Web links

Wikisource: Hans Rosenplüt  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Kurt Illing: 'The Doctors'. In: Author's Lexicon . Volume I, Col. 506 f.
  2. Wolfgang Spiewok (Ed.): Altdeutsches Decamerone , Berlin 1989, p. 775
  3. Horst Brunner: History of German literature in the Middle Ages at a glance. Reclam: Stuttgart 2007, page 340