The Havenhaus ( Low German Havenhuus ) in Vegesack is a monument in the street Am Vegesacker Hafen No. 12 in Bremen . Built in the middle of the 17th century as the office of the port master of Vegesack, it is now used as a restaurant and hotel.
Construction of the Havenhaus
After the Vegesack harbor was built by the Bremen council and the Seefahrt company between 1618 and 1623, a simple half-timbered house was built for Vegesack's first harbor master, Bosche Hasselmann , which soon no longer corresponded to the growing importance of the new harbor. In 1643, for example, a plot of land near the entrance to the port on the Weser was made available by Drosten of the Blumenthal office for the construction of a new office building, on which the two-storey Havenhaus was built from 1645 to 1648 as the first larger stone house in Vegesack. The building had dimensions of 20.30 × 12.30 meters, had a gable roof and a gorge on the south side. In addition to the actual service rooms, it contained a pub .
In the run-up to the First Bremen-Swedish War , Swedish troops occupied Blumenthal and Vegesack in 1653, drove out the harbor master and built a hill with gun positions around the harbor house. In the course of the armed conflict, the Bremen-based Vegesack conquered back, but had to withdraw again before Vegesack became Bremen again in the First Stade settlement .
In 1671 the city took over the management of the port from the Seefahrt house and leased it to the new harbor master Heinrich Pundt, who also received the licensing rights for the port house. A few years later, however, the council withdrew the lease from Pundt after it became clear that it was not able to maintain the port adequately. Gerdt Hinrichs became the new employer in the Havenhaus on May 17, 1697.
Fire and reconstruction
In 1719 a fire destroyed a large part of Vegesack - only the Havenhaus remained undamaged. When in the Second Stade settlement in 1741 the Bremen areas were assigned to the Blumenthal Kurhannover office , only the Vegesack harbor and the Havenhaus remained under Bremen's sovereignty. At the end of the 18th century, trade via the Vegesack harbor experienced a significant boom, so that in 1781 the Havenhaus was renovated by the master builders Johann Dierks and Christoph Poppe and a wing on the harbor side was added. The windows of the building were rearranged in the style of classicism , and a relief of a double-headed eagle with the Bremen coat of arms was added above the entrance on Alte Hafenstrasse (as can also be seen above the portal to the Schütting ). The main gables were decorated with decorative vases.
With the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803, the city regained its imperial immediacy and the entire area of Vegesack came back to Bremen. As a result of the French occupation of northern Germany and the continental blockade, however, maritime trade fell into a crisis that also affected the Vegesack port and the Havenhaus.
Havenhaus as a post office, inn and hotel
Vegesack was promoted to town in 1852 and the post office was housed in the Havenhaus. In April 1853, 26 gunboats of the first all-German imperial fleet , initiated by Naval Minister Arnold Duckwitz , were auctioned in the Havenhaus for 4,100 thalers. In 1868 the port authority was finally separated from the Havenhaus and from then on the building was only used as a restaurant and hotel. The tenant HD Landwehr had stables and a large hall added, in which the launching of the Vegesack shipyards was celebrated and the annual Schifferball was held.
With the increasing competition from new excursion restaurants on the Weser and Lesum , the Hafenhaus lost its previously undisputed position as the “first house” on the square at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1911 the Heimat- und Museumverein für Vegesack and the surrounding area rented rooms in the building, and later other associations.
The house survived the Second World War without damage, but had to be renovated in 1956. Another renovation took place in 1961/1962. Since May 16, 1963, a whale pine sculpture has stood in front of the Havenhaus - near Utkiek - as a symbol of the maritime tradition of the place. In 1979/1980 the Havenhaus was completely renovated under the direction of the architect Gert Schulze : The wooden beam ceilings were removed and replaced with reinforced concrete, the floor plan was redesigned. Outer walls, windows and doors were designed according to the requirements of flood protection in order to protect the house as much as possible against damage during storm surges.
- Monument database of the LfD
- Peter Koster: Chronicle of the Imperial Free Imperial and Hanseatic City of Bremen 1600–1700 . Temmen, Bremen 2004, ISBN 3-86108-687-5 , p. 130 .
- Vegesack has received a new landmark , Weser-Kurier , May 17, 1963, p. 10.
- Creating places - Gert Schulze, architect in Bremen . Bremen Center for Building Culture, 2005.
- Wendelin Seebacher : Havenhaus Vegesack: 1648–1998 . STAVE Verlag, Bremen 1998.
- Herbert Black Forest : The Great Bremen Lexicon . 2nd, updated, revised and expanded edition. Edition Temmen, Bremen 2003, ISBN 3-86108-693-X .
- Rudolf Stein : Classicism and Romanticism in the architecture of Bremen . Hauschild Verlag, Bremen 1964.