Herbert Weidlich

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Herbert Weidlich (born March 10, 1910 in Falkenstein / Vogtl. , † 1991 ) was a German communist resistance fighter against National Socialism , inmate in Buchenwald concentration camp , lawyer, university professor and employee of the GDR interior ministry .


Weidlich joined the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) and was involved against the emerging National Socialism . He came to Berlin in 1929 and was Ludwig Renn's private secretary until 1933 . After 1933 Weidlich emigrated to Czechoslovakia , where he stayed until 1939. In 1938/39 he was commissioned by the party leadership of the KPD in the CSR with the organizational handling of the evacuation of around 480 German emigrants. 390 people were transferred to England, 90 fell into the hands of the Gestapo, including Max Reimann , Walter Bartel and Herbert Weidlich. From 1939 to 1945 including four years he was in custody in Buchenwald concentration camp deported and the command of labor statistics allocated. Because of his professional education, he was appointed deputy Kapo under Willi Seifert . He joined the communist camp resistance and helped to fill other management positions with communist prisoners. He also made sure that Jewish prisoners were sent to a better work detachment.

When the Nazi rule was eliminated, he helped set up new police and regulatory bodies in the Soviet Occupation Zone and GDR , became a commissioner for the criminal police and one of the leading criminologists in the GDR. He joined the Socialist Unity Party (SED) one, studied law and became a doctor of law doctorate . He also qualified as a university professor and taught at the University of the People's Police . Weidlich prepared several reports on his experiences in the concentration camps for the work of the surviving prisoners on the politics of remembrance . In a report on the “ Small Camp ” in 1947, Weidlich described that carers in the prisoner infirmary, prisoners in the disinfection area , the equipment room, the kitchen and others tried to improve the catastrophic living conditions there. In 1978 he gave the report "The struggle for prisoner functions - part of the struggle against the SS terror regime". Weidlich wrote another report in 1979 on "Prisoners in camp organs - support of the illegal resistance organization". In 1980 he reported on the resistance activity in his own work area: "The contribution of prisoners in the labor statistics command to illegal work".

On June 30, 1955, as VP Inspector, he received the Patriotic Order of Merit in bronze, in 1964 this medal in silver and 1975 in gold, in 1970 the order of the Labor Banner and in 1980 as Colonel of K ”£‹ a. D. Prof. Dr. and a veteran worker in Berlin the Karl Marx Order . Most recently he lived in Karl-Marx-Stadt.


  • The examination of the advertisement and the decision , Berlin: Ministry d. Inside, Publ.-Dept., 1969, 1st ed.
  • Prisoners in camp organs - pillars of the illegal resistance organization , Weimar-Buchenwald: NMG Buchenwald, 1983, 2., revised. Ed.
  • Prisoners in camp organs , Buchenwald: Nationale Mahn- u. Memorial, 1977
  • The special command and other dangerous actions of the SS , Buchenwald: NMG-Buchenwald, 1979
  • The initiation of the preliminary investigation, a unit of criminal law, criminal procedural and criminalistic elements , Berlin, 1965

Literature and media

  • ID FBW000956, Documentary, German Democratic Republic, 1974: AND EVERYONE HAD A NAME. ETTERSBERG (BUCHENWALD) [AT] , director: Gerhard Jentsch , produced by DEFA-Studio for short films, Potsdam-Babelsberg; for Buchenwald National Memorial and Memorial, Weimar
  • Emil Carlebach , Willy Schmidt , Ulrich Schneider (Hrsg.): Buchenwald a concentration camp. Reports - pictures - documents. Bonn 2000, ISBN 3-89144-271-8 .
  • Author collective: Buchenwald. Reminder and obligation. Documents and reports. Berlin 1983, p. 758
  • Klaus Trostorff : The political department in the terror system of the Buchenwald concentration camp , Weimar-Buchenwald: NMG, 1984, 1st edition, 1st - 3rd thousand.

Individual evidence

  1. FF DABEI No. 16 - April 1979
  2. a b Peter Hochmuth, Gerhard Hoffmann (Ed.): Buchenwald, I cannot forget you. Pictures of life (PDF; 1.5 MB). In: Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Texts 35, Karl-Dietz-Verlag, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-320-02100-9 , p. 242
  3. ^ Communists and Anti-Semitism. Middle-class media, but also other sources, report on anti-Semitic statements by leading communists in Russia  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on www.dkp-hessen.de@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.dkp-hessen.de  
  4. Author collective: Buchenwald. Reminder and obligation. Documents and reports. Berlin 1983, p. 79
  5. Author collective: Buchenwald. Reminder and obligation. Documents and reports. Berlin 1983, p. 113
  6. Author collective: Buchenwald. Reminder and obligation. Documents and reports. Berlin 1983, p. 396
  7. Author collective: Buchenwald. Reminder and obligation. Documents and reports. Berlin 1983, p. 401
  8. ^ New Germany from July 1, 1955
  9. Berliner Zeitung , October 6, 1964, p. 6
  10. Berliner Zeitung, February 27, 1975, p. 4
  11. ^ New Germany of June 30, 1970
  12. Neues Deutschland, May 2, 1980, p. 4
  13. ^ Congratulations from the Central Committee of the SED on its 75th birthday, Neues Deutschland from March 11, 1985