|Country of operation:||Israel , Estonia , Colombia|
|Developer / Manufacturer:||Israel Weapon Industries|
|Production time:||1974 until today|
|Model variants:||Galil (ARM; SAR; SNR; MAR)|
|Weapon Category:||Assault rifle|
|Overall length:||742 mm / 979 mm, 614 mm / (SAR) 851 mm|
|Weight: (unloaded)||3.9 kg (AR), 4.3 kg (ARM), (SAR) 3.65 kg|
|Barrel length :||460 mm, 332 mm (SAR) mm|
5.56 × 45 mm NATO (M193),
7.62 × 51 mm NATO ,
|Possible magazine fillings :||25, 35 or 50 cartridges|
|Ammunition supply :||Curve magazine|
|Cadence :||650 rounds / min|
|Fire types:||Single , continuous fire|
|Visor :||open sights|
|Closure :||Turret lock|
|Charging principle:||Long stroke gas pressure charger|
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The Galil is an assault rifle used by the Israeli army . The weapon was named after its designer Yisrael Galili . It fires the standard NATO ammunition of caliber 5.56 mm, the function of the bolt is based on the reliable and relatively simple bolt mechanism of the Soviet Kalashnikov . A modification is the Galatz sniper rifle .
After the Six Day War of 1967, considerations were made in Israel for a successor to the FN FAL , which had been used up until then . The AK-47 used by the neighboring Arab states and its successor AKM / AKMS proved to be significantly more robust and reliable than the FN FAL. Several models were examined and it was finally decided in 1972 to mass- build the construction by Yaacov Lior and Yisrael Galil, based on the AK-47 . In the meantime, the Galil has been largely replaced by the American M16 and M4 . These are in turn replaced by the Tavor .
The Galil was introduced in Israel mainly in the 5.56 mm variant. A 7.62 × 51 mm version was also offered for export customers and the Magal version in the caliber of the M1 Carbine was developed for the police . It was developed as a multi-purpose weapon and can be used as an assault rifle as well as a light machine-gun or sniper rifle ( Galatz ). The Galil is also exported; the weapon is found mainly in central and southern Africa, as well as in Central and South America. It was introduced almost simultaneously in South Africa through close state cooperation, where the weapon is still produced locally to this day. The Finnish Valmet RK 62 is a historically and technically closely related weapon.
The Galil is largely based on the construction of the Soviet Kalashnikov, but fires the 5.56 mm NATO ammunition developed for the American M16 . The rifle is a gas pressure loader with a long gas piston over the barrel and a rotating head lock . The small handguard is made of wood, the shoulder rest is foldable. A bipod that can also be used as wire cutters can be mounted. The gas channel ends in the gas piston. This is located above the barrel and, apart from relief holes, has no (adjustable) regulation. The trains of the barrel have an incline of 305 mm. The fire selector switch is located above the handle on the left of the weapon, alternatively, analogous to the Kalashnikov, the lever on the right of the weapon can be used. This allows you to choose between secured , single and continuous fire . The clamping lever and case ejection are on the right. The rear diopter sight is located on the system housing made of sheet metal, the front sight on the gas duct block, the sight lines are slightly longer compared to the AK. In addition to a provisional wire cutter, a bottle opener is mounted in the integrated bipod, which is intended to prevent damage to the magazine lips, which are often misused for this purpose.
Different magazines can be used, with 12, 35 or 50 rounds. The 12-round magazine is only used with the special cartridge for rifle grenades . The magazine eject lever is located directly behind the magazine, an adapter for M16 magazines can be inserted.
While the housing parts of comparable assault rifles are made using sheet metal stamping, the Galil is made by milling a blank. This makes production more time-consuming and expensive.
- Günter Wollert, Reiner Lidschun, Wilfried Copenhagen : Illustrated encyclopedia of rifle weapons from all over the world: Rifle weapons today (1945-1985) . 3. Edition. tape 1 . Brandenburgisches Verlagshaus, Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-89488-058-9 , p. 261 f .