The term idiopathic is essentially used in medicine, similar to the synonymous term there . In naming the disease, both are intended to indicate that research into the cause of the disease has so far been unsuccessful. The use of the term does not imply a valuation with regard to a suspected cause or the severity of the disease.
It also does not assume hypochondria , in which the patient fears a clinical picture, but which cannot be objectified by findings. The term is not used for many diseases for which the cause is not exactly clarified. Since research into the causes of diseases is progressing continuously today, the term is used less often.
The German pediatrician Stephan Heinrich Nolte coined the term "idiopathic medicine" in 1993. He described a medicine that accepts the knowledge and acceptance of the fatefulness of health and illness in their somatic and psychosocial conditions and contexts and distinguishes an empathic, accompanying and advisory medical attitude from an action -oriented medicine characterized by therapeutic actionism .
Behind this is a basic attitude that assumes that what keeps us healthy ( salutogenesis ) is usually just as little known as what makes us sick ( pathogenesis ). This applies on the physical as well as on the psychological level. Before more harm than good is caused by blind therapeutic action in a complex system, doctors should empathically support and strengthen the patient in the face of this lack of understanding and recognize and remove mechanical, psychological and social obstacles to healing.
- Idiopathic aggression ( cockeran anger )
- Idiopathic epilepsy
- Idiopathic gynecomastia
- Idiopathic sudden hearing loss
- Idiopathic hydrocephalus
- Idiopathic hypersomnia
- "Primary" arterial hypertension
- Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia
- Idiopathic bone marrow edema
- Idiopathic Medicine
- Idiopathic urticaria
- Idiopathic pancreatitis
- Idiopathic Parkinson's Syndrome (IPS)
- Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis
- Idiopathic enamel hypomineralization of the first molars
- Idiopathic scoliosis
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura Werlhof
- Idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
- Type 1b diabetes mellitus
- Idiopathic facial palsy
- Idiopathic diabetes insipidus centralis