Jewish cemetery (warrior)
The Jewish cemetery Kriegshaber emerged in 1626 as the burial place of the Jewish communities of places Pfersee , Kriegshaber , Oberhausen and Steppach that today districts of Augsburg and Neusäß in the region of Swabia in southwest Bavaria are. The communities can be traced back to around 1570. The cemetery is located at Hooverstraße 15 in the former Cramerton district of the US garrison Augsburg , where it formed an enclave. The Jewish community in Augsburg is currently (at the end of 2013) preparing the future use of the grave areas that are still free for the burial of deceased community members.
A Jewish cemetery has been occupied in medieval Augsburg since at least 1298 . This was destroyed after 1450 and the tombstones were built in the city. After the dissolution of the Jewish community around 1440, some Jews from Augsburg settled in the vicinity. Around 1570 there are Jewish communities in the above-mentioned communities. They founded the shared cemetery in 1626. In 1695 and 1722 the cemetery was expanded. The Tahara House was built in 1724 and the surrounding wall was erected in 1825. The Munich Jews used the cemetery until 1816, and the Augsburg Jews until 1868. After the inauguration of the Augsburg cemetery in the Hochfeld district, burials of the Orthodox community of Kriegshaber continued until 1940 . In 1942, numerous gravestones were destroyed and overturned by German soldiers. In 1946, stonemasons from Augsburg erected a memorial next to the entrance from the remains. Until 1951, burials were still carried out at the cemetery, mainly so-called displaced persons (DP).
The majority of the approximately 500 surviving tombstones have an exclusively Hebrew inscription, the oldest date from around 1650.
Graves of important personalities
- Ferdinand Wertheimer (1817–1883), Austrian landowner and liberal politician
- R. Isaak "Seckel" b Menachem Etthausen (1685–1763)
- Simon Wolf Wertheimer (1681–1763)
- Carl von Obermayer (1811–1889)
- Isidor Obermayer (1783–1862)
- Henle Efraim Ulman (d. 1807)
- Ber Ulmo (Bernhard Ullmann, 1751–1837), chairman of the Jewish community in Pfersee
- Abraham Mendle , (? –1767) court factor of the Bavarian court
- Louis Lamm: The Jewish cemeteries in Kriegshaber, Buttenwiesen and Binswangen , Berlin 1912
- Israel Schwierz: Stone evidence of Jewish life in Bavaria. A documentation . Bavarian State Center for Political Education (Ed.), Munich 1988, pp. 232-234, ISBN 3-87052-393-X
- Yehuda Shenef: The house of three stars - the history of the Jewish cemetery of Pfersee, Kriegshaber and Steppach near Augsburg, in Austria, Bavaria and Germany , 186 pages, Kokavim-Verlag, September 2013. ISBN 978-3944092027
- The Jewish cemetery of Kriegshaber at the House of Bavarian History
- http://www.jhva.de (with numerous other reports, pictures, videos etc.)