Fellheim Jewish cemetery
The Jewish cemetery in the municipality of Fellheim in the Unterallgäu district in Bavaria , together with the synagogue, is a listed building as a single object D-7-78-139-6 and is also part of the ensemble - protected complex "Former Jewish Settlement" (file number E-7- 78-139-1).
The cemetery of the Jewish community Fellheim was laid out in 1787 in the so-called Jewish quarter of Fellheim. The synagogue was also built on the west side of the same property . After the cemetery was laid out, it was expanded several times in the 19th century. Until it was given its own cemetery around 1840 , the deceased of the Jewish community of Osterberg were also buried in Fellheim . At its maximum extent the cemetery extended to the main street.
The last burial was in 1942 that of Memmingen citizen Rike Heilbronner (1870–1942). During the Third Reich , the Jewish cemetery was devastated in the pogrom night from November 9th to 10th, 1938. After the end of the Second World War , the damaged tombs were restored at the perpetrators' expense.
After the former synagogue was transferred to private ownership in 1950 and subsequently converted into a residential building, the cemetery was separated from the private property by a new wall and reduced to its present size. There are currently 190 Jewish gravestones there .
The Jewish cemetery is located east of the house at Memminger Strasse 17 (former synagogue) in Fellheim.
- Tilmann Breuer : City and District of Memmingen . Ed .: Heinrich Kreisel and Adam Horn. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1959, p. 106 .
- Wilhelm Rapp: History of the village of Fellheim, vol. 1 . Fellheim 1960, p. 127-142, 204-239 .
- AK history, customs and chronicle, community Fellheim (ed.): Fellheim an der Iller. An illustrated tour through the former Jewish town center of Fellheim . Fellheim 2007.
- City Archives Munich (ed.), The Rosenthals. The rise of a Jewish family of antiquaries to world fame. With contributions by Elisabeth Angermair, Jens Koch, Anton Löffelmeier, Eva Ohlen and Ingo Schwab, Vienna a. a. Böhlau. 2002, ISBN 320577020X (used)
- Bavarian State Office for the Preservation of Monuments: Architectural and ground monuments in Fellheim
- board at the Jewish cemetery