from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jaunjelgava ( German : Friedrichstadt)
Jaunjelgava coat of arms
Jaunjelgava (Latvia)
Red pog.svg
Basic data
State : LatviaLatvia Latvia
Landscape: Semgallia ( Latvian : Zemgale )
Administrative district : Jaunjelgavas novads
Coordinates : 56 ° 37 '  N , 25 ° 5'  E Coordinates: 56 ° 37 '3 "  N , 25 ° 5' 0"  E
Residents : 2,127 (Jan. 1, 2016)
Area : 6.1 km²
Population density : 349 inhabitants per km²
Height : 35  m
City law: since 1647
Website: www.jaunjelgava.lv
Post Code:
ISO code:
Daugava pie Jaunjelgavas.JPG
Düna near Jaunjelgava

Jaunjelgava (German: Friedrichstadt ) is a town in Latvia on the left bank of the Daugava , about 80 km southeast of Riga . In 2016 Jaunjelgava had 2127 inhabitants.


In the 13th century there was a fortification of the Selenium , which was leveled by the sword brothers . Around 1450 an estate and a settlement were formed. In 1590, Duke Friedrich Kettler granted the city market rights . At that time around 60 families lived at the trading center. In 1621 the place was devastated in the Polish-Swedish War and in 1646 it was re-established as Friedrichstadt . The plague raged in 1710 and cholera in 1831 and 1848 . There were also several major fires. Nevertheless, the city grew and had been the county seat since 1795. After the opening of the Riga - Dünaburg railway line in 1861, the waterway on the Düna and thus Friedrichstadt lost its importance.


Jaunjelgava was one of many shtetls that once existed in the Pale of Settlement . His Jewish community was established towards the end of the seventeenth century. In 1858 the first Jewish school opened in the city. In 1897 3,800 of the 5,223 inhabitants were Jews. Jews called the city Naira.

Jaunjelgavas novads

In 2009 six surrounding communities merged with the city to form one administrative district. (see also: Administrative division of Latvia )


Individual evidence

  1. «Latvijas iedzīvotāju skaits pašvaldībās pagastu dalījumā"
  2. ^ Friedrichstadt entry in the Jewish Encyclopedia (Engl.)
  3. Pinkas_Hakehillot Memorial Book of the Jewish Communities of Latvia and Estonia (Engl.)