Johann Erich von Berger

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Johann Erich von Berger (born September 1, 1772 in Faaborg , Funen , † February 22, 1833 in Kiel ) was a Danish- German philosopher.

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Berger, son of the Danish general Valentin von Berger , initially studied law and political science at the University of Copenhagen and later at the Georg-August University in Göttingen . Inspired by Karl Leonhard Reinhold and, after his departure, by Johann Gottlieb Fichte , he then studied philosophy at the University of Jena . In 1801 he became an auscultant at the Rentkammer in Copenhagen. On the advice of Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling , he also turned to the natural sciences . He bought the Seekamp estate in 1801 and established himself as aFarmer settled in the Duchy of Holstein . At the same time he was in command of the coastal militia at Friedrichsort Fortress .

Since 1809 he has been studying astronomy with Carl Friedrich Gauß in Göttingen. On September 4, 1813 he was appointed royal Danish real budget and on May 5, 1814 he was appointed professor of astronomy and philosophy at the Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel . On April 28, 1815 he received his doctorate in philosophy. On January 31, 1826, he became professor of philosophy in Kiel. In 1821/22 and 1832/33 he was rector of the CAU.

His system, which he developed after several smaller writings ( Philosophical Representation of the Harmonies of the Universe (Altona 1808), About the Apparent Controversy of Reason Against Himself (Altona 1818)) in his main work General Principles of Science (Altona 1817-1827, 4 volumes ) was a kind of identity philosophy in which the concept of movement, which conveys the connection between natural becoming (things) and ideal becoming (as the highest end goal of the spirit world), plays the main role. These views did not remain without influence on the later developed philosophy of his former listener Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg .

He characterized his "organic model of science" as follows:

"We can therefore already express here in general what the content of all science may be and what no experience can refute: that the principle of the development and the connection of our thoughts must also be that of the development and the connection of things."

- Erich von Berger


Individual evidence

  1. ^ History of the Seekamp estate at
  2. Rector's speech (HKM)
  3. Johann Erich von Berger: General principles for science . Altona 1817. Part 1, Introduction, p. 17