Johannes Jakobus Bouget

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Johannes Jakobus Bouget (born November 1, 1762 in Odenkirchen ; † November 18, 1810 in Paris ) was a lawyer, diplomat, German politician and member of parliament.

Family and origin

He was born as the son of the Court Chamber Councilor and Vogt of Odenkirchen Klemens August Bernhard v. Bouget and his wife Anna Katharina Lindemann were born at the castle in Odenkirchen.

His godparents are his maternal grandparents, Johannes Jakob Lindemann and Anna Johanna Mechtildis Call, as well as his grandfather, the Electoral Cologne court chamber councilor and rentmaster of the Teutonic Order Commandery S. Gilles of Aachen , Heinrich Franz Bouget for the Electoral Cologne prince-bishop Clemens August I of Bavaria , what the church book reads as follows: "Nobilij Domus Joannes Jacobus Lindemann & praenobilij Domina Anna Joanna Mechjtildis Adriana Call vidua praenobilij Domini Henri Francisci Bouget (for Clemens August de Bavaria)".


While his father was the tenant of the Zoppenbroich family in addition to the office of bailiff and founded the first silk and velvet factory in Odenkirchen, Bouget attended the Montanergymnasium in Cologne .

From 1782 to 1784 he studied Roman and provincial law in Cologne and Bonn . A study of philosophy and public law , he graduated in Göttingen and eventually wrote in 1783 in Bonn a dissertation on a lehnsrechtliches issue of regional concern: "Dissertatio juris feudalis suum filius feudum a patre alienatum revocare possit. Cum annexo responso in causa feudali praetense revocatoria circa castrum et subdynastiam Juliacensem Burgam feudalis camerae Heinsbergensis feudum. "

After completing his law studies with the title of doctor, Johannes Jakobus Bouget initially worked at the Imperial Chamber in Wetzlar and was later appointed to the Imperial Council of Vienna for the affairs of the German state. After the death of his father in 1784, he supported his mother Anna Katharina Lindemann in the office of waitress in Odenkirchen and in managing and expanding the textile factory founded by his father.

As early as 1785 Bouget was appointed to the electoral government of Bonn and was also a member of the higher jurisprudence. In 1789 he became court advisor to the Electorate of Cologne and was entrusted as a state trainee until 1794 with the task of conducting correspondence with the other German states in order to protect the interests of the electoral state of Cologne . In the "Festschrift for the celebration of the centenary of the " Reading and Recreation Society "in Bonn , he is listed as a member in 1790. In 1793 he is also named among the Real Secret Councilors of the Court Council.

On December 21, 1794, Bouget became a member of the board of directors of the Bonn district administration, responsible for the canton of Andernach , and in October 1795 was appointed a member of the central administration in Aachen. With his brother-in-law Bernhard Franz Josef von Gerolt , Bouget took part in the Cisrhenan procession on September 22, 1797 , and in 1797, as a member of the Rhenish delegation to Paris, took the oath of allegiance to the French Republic .

In 1798 Bouget took over as an administrative member of the administration of the Roerdepartment zu Aachen and became president of the department administration in the winter of 1799/1800. Finally, in August 1804, he became sub-prefect of the Arrondissement de Crévelt ( Krefeld district ) and member of the legislative body of the Roerdepartements. In May 1810, his political mandate as deputy was repeatedly confirmed.

Bouget belonged to the Illuminati order and was a Freemason .


  • Rudolph Wiedemann: History of the former rule and the house of Odenkirchen. Self-published, Odenkirchen 1879, (also reprint: Antiquariat am St. Vith, Mönchengladbach 2008), digitized .
  • Justus Hashagen : The Rhineland and French rule. Contributions to the characteristics of their opposition. Hanstein, Bonn 1908.
  • Joseph Hansen (Ed.): Sources for the history of the Rhineland in the age of the French Revolution. 1780–1801 (= publications of the Society for Rhenish History. Vol. 42, ISSN  0930-8822 ). 3 volumes. Hanstein, Bonn 1931-1935.
  • Herbert Weffer: Old Bonn families. In: Edith Ennen , Dietrich Höroldt (Hrsg.): From history and folklore of the city and area of ​​Bonn. Festschrift for Josef Dietz on the occasion of his 80th birthday on April 8, 1973 (= publications of the Bonn City Archives. Vol. 10). Röhrscheid, Bonn 1973, ISBN 3-7928-0333-X , pp. 154-186.
  • Rüdiger Lenz: winery and sub-office Dilsberg. Development of a regional administrative authority within the scope of the Palatinate territorial policy on the lower Neckar (= publications of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg. Series B: Research. Vol. 115). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1989, ISBN 3-17-010526-4 (also: Heidelberg, University, dissertation, 1988).
  • Meinrad Schaab (Ed.): Upper Rhine Aspects of the Age of the French Revolution (= publications of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg. Series B: Research. Vol. 117). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1990, ISBN 3-17-010725-9 .
  • Wolfgang Löhr (Ed.): Loca desiderata. Mönchengladbach city history. Volume 2. Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1999, ISBN 3-7927-1801-4 .

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