Johannes Mumbauer

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Johannes Mumbauer (born July 27, 1867 in Kreuznach ; † December 22, 1930 ibid) was a German Roman Catholic priest, theologian and literary critic.


Mumbauer was born in Kreuznach and grew up there. After graduating from high school, Mumbauer entered the episcopal seminary in Trier . He was ordained a priest in 1891 by Bishop Michael Felix Korum . In the same year he was called to Rübenach as chaplain and from 1892 was also chaplain in Wadgassen . In 1895 Mumbauer received in Ravengiersburg his first pastorate . From there he moved to the pastor's office in Ohlenberg in 1898, where he worked until 1902. Another change took him to Konz (Hamm), where he worked until 1907/08.

In 1908 Mumbauer began his work for the Kölnische Volkszeitung in Rome. He worked there until 1911 when he returned to Germany and became a pastor in Piesport . He changed one last time: in 1925 he took over the pastor's position in Sinzig , which he held until his retirement in 1929.


In addition to his church activities, Mumbauer was also active as an author and editor. He published in theological field and also participated in the literary discourse of the late Empire and the Weimar Republic, where he formulated his writings primarily from the Roman Catholic, but also from the German national point of view. He belonged to the circle around the magazine Hochland founded by Carl Muth . After he was elected editor of the "Academic Bonifatius Correspondence" in 1907, Mumbauer helped develop it into a Catholic cultural journal. He endeavored to promote and enhance the Catholic position in German intellectual life and wished to see Catholic literature represented in the mainstream. Despite Nietzsche's fundamental criticism of Christianity, Mumbauer sees him and Julius Langbehn as “pioneers and innovators” and “spiritual ancestors of modernity”. According to Mumbauer, Nietzsche on the one hand smashed a “cultural and literary epigonism that ... falsified, softened, sweetened the German character” but also warned the German people against “the delusion of election” and “nationalistically narrowing exclusivity”. Mumbauer defends Catholicism against criticism from the George circle and explicitly from Friedrich Wolters . Instead of fashionable trends and “helots consciousness” on the one hand and “rulers' caste conceit” on the other, “timeless” writers who strive to let the “pure forms of God ... in earthly forms” shine as “lighthouses and signposts " serve. He cites Enrica von Handel-Mazzetti and Wilhelm Schäfer as examples .

Mumbauer died on December 22, 1930 in Bad Kreuznach.


  • The part of women in the struggle against public immorality , 1906
  • Painter Müller in Rome , 1913
  • One for all, all for one! , Saarlouis, Hausen, 1915
  • For our honor! , Saarlouis, Hausen, 1915
  • All kinds of literature pains , Hamm, Breer & Thiemann, 1915
  • Fatherland! Thoughts of a Catholic German on people, state, race and nation , Munich-Gladbach, Volksvereins-Verlag, 1915
  • Machiavellian and anti-Machiavellian politics , Hamm, Breer & Thiemann, 1915
  • The German thought in Ketteler , Munich-Gladbach, Volksvereins-Verlag, 1916
  • Warren Hastings , Saarlouis, Hausen, 1918
  • The poets' silent garden , Freiburg, Herder, 1918
  • The "Kulturmission" of the church , Paderborn, Junfermann, 1922
  • From the lily garden of St. Catherine of Siena , Herder, 1923
  • The legend of Lazarus, Martha and Magdalena , 1928
  • The German seal of the latest time , Freiburg im Breisgau, Herder, 1931 (posthumously published first part of the planned work " The German seal of the latest time in two volumes ")


  • Richard Krummel: Nietzsche and the German Spirit. Vol. II: Expansion and impact of Nietzsche's work in the German-speaking area up to the end of the Second World War. A bibliography for the years 1919-1945. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1998, pp. 407f.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Stephan Fuchs: From the blessing of the war. Catholic educated in World War I. A Study of the Interpretation of War in Academic Catholicism. Franz Steiner, Wiesbaden 2004, ISBN 3-515-08316-2 .
  2. ^ Richard Krummel : Nietzsche and the German Spirit, Vol. III, Spread and Effect of Nietzsche's Work in the German-Speaking Area up to the End of the Second World War: a list of the years 1919–1945. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1998.
  3. Stefan George and his circle: A handbook edited by Achim Aurnhammer, Wolfgang Braungart, Stefan Breuer, Ute Oelmann. de Gruyter, Berlin 2016.