Josef Berner

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Josef Johann Berner (born February 13, 1755 in Kronach ; † June 14, 1837 ) was a German medic.


In 1771 Berner studied medicine at the Bamberg Academy, three years later at the university . He finally got a doctorate in 1783 and came back a year later to his hometown Kronach to work as a city ​​physician (city doctor). Since the late Middle Ages, city doctors were a doctor appointed by the city council who, in addition to a private practice, also took on the current tasks of a health department. In 1803 he became the Regional Court Physician of Kronach. During his career he received many awards, including the gold medal, a high honor at the time. In 1833 he celebrated his 50th anniversary of service at the Rosenberg Fortress ; four years later he ended his career as a state court and garrison doctor. The physician died on June 14, 1837 at the age of 82. A slate but broken grave slab that was later found and described in detail was placed in the cemetery church in Kronach in 1967.

Josef Berner was with Juliana, geb. Old man, married.

Medical successes

While the Bavarian, French and Neapolitan military were moving through the troops, the typhus and typhus epidemic broke out in Kronach . Most of the soldiers were also wounded and brought other diseases. As a medical advisor (= high title for civil servants), Berner did an excellent job on the wounded by caring for them despite the poor medical development of the time. Because of this, he was awarded the golden Bavarian Civil Merit Medal by King Maximilian I on September 20, 1807 (decision of April 6, 1807).

Individual evidence

  1. Berner, Joseph. In: Heinrich Joachim Jaeck : Pantheon of the writers and artists Bamberg. Volume 1, Bamberg 1812.
  2. Jump up ↑ Killinger In: Leaves of the Bavarian State Association for Family Studies . Volume 69, 2006, p. 89.
  3. Royal Bavarian Government Gazette . Franz Hübschmann, Munich 1807, p. 679.