Royal Bavarian garrison hospital

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The Royal Bavarian Garrison Hospital was the central military hospital of the Bavarian Army in Munich .


Construction on Müllerstrasse

After the Electorate of Bavaria in the garrison town of Munich had long been without a facility for the care of wounded or sick soldiers, Elector Max III. Joseph (1727–1777) set up a central military hospital. An area outside the city gates in the Isar floodplain was chosen as the location . The fresh water of the Mühlbach available there - later referred to with reference to the Lazarettbach hospital - may have influenced the choice of the location.

The court architect Karl Albert von Lespilliez (1723–1796) was commissioned to plan the building . He designed an elongated three-storey mansard roof building with a roof turret in the middle of the ridge. The main facade was divided into 19 window axes. The foundation stone was laid on March 24, 1774. The Thekla chapel, consecrated in 1778, which gave the adjacent street its name, belonged to the building. When the chapel was inaugurated, the gun salute broke all the windows of the hospital.

In the course of the next 100 years, the rapid growth of the city fundamentally changed the environment of the hospital. With the planned development of Müllerstrasse from the beginning of the 19th century, the hospital was soon almost completely enclosed by residential buildings. That is why it was moved to a new building on Oberwiesenfeld in 1872 and the original building, after several years of different uses, was converted into a schoolhouse in 1886/87 under the direction of Friedrich Adelung , which housed the newly founded Luitpold High School .

New building on the Oberwiesenfeld

Location and floor plan before destruction in the war
Southeast facade

After a cholera epidemic in 1858, King Ludwig II approved the construction of the new hospital. After the land was acquired and the final permit in January 1867, construction began in June 1868. Until Neuhausen was incorporated, the building stood partly on its territory and partly on that of the city of Munich. The design by Munich city planning officer Arnold Zenetti envisaged a total of 330 meters long exposed brick building. The design provided for an administration building between the two bed wings and the central building with the main entrance, which was connected to the central building with a corridor. The northern wing of the bed was completed quickly and could be used in part during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 . Construction of the southern wing began in 1872 and the entire hospital was completed in 1890.

During the First World War , the largest military hospital in Munich was located there, the Munich A reserve hospital .

After the war, the facility was continued by the Reichswehr and then by the Wehrmacht . During the Second World War , the hospital was almost completely destroyed. Only the north wing has been preserved and is now part of the German Heart Center in Munich .


  • Heinrich Habel, Johannes Hallinger, Timm Weski: State capital Munich . Center. In: Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation (Hrsg.): Monuments in Bavaria - independent cities and districts . tape I.2 / 1 . Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-87490-586-2 , p. 653 .
  • Anita Kuisle: power plant, school, hospital - a history of the Gärtnerplatzviertel . Schiermeier, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-9813190-8-8 .
  • Hans Meisner: Surgeons and cardiac surgeons: from the garrison hospital to the German Heart Center Munich; the history of medicine location Lazarettstraße . Zuckschwerdt Verlag, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-88603-782-7 .

Web links

Commons : Royal Bavarian Garrison Hospital  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ Signed by the front , Stephan Handel, Süddeutsche Zeitung, August 27, 2014 (accessed November 5, 2019)

Coordinates: 48 ° 9 ′ 12.1 ″  N , 11 ° 33 ′ 1.2 ″  E