Luitpold-Gymnasium (Munich)

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Luitpold High School
The former Luitpold grammar school ; Postcard dated March 30, 1898
type of school high school
founding 1887
closure 1918

Müllerstrasse 7

place Munich
country Bavaria
Country Germany
Coordinates 48 ° 7 '55 "  N , 11 ° 34' 24"  E Coordinates: 48 ° 7 '55 "  N , 11 ° 34' 24"  E

The Luitpold-Gymnasium was a humanistic high school in Munich . It was founded in 1887 and was located at Müllerstraße 7 in Isarvorstadt . In 1918 it was merged with the New Realgymnasium in Klenzestrasse under one administration; The latter also took over the building in 1921, which was destroyed in 1944. A thermal power station, which was later closed and has since been converted into the luxury residential complex The Seven , was built in its place.


The Luitpold-Gymnasium was founded in 1887 as the fourth of a total of five humanistic high schools that Munich maintained in the 19th century with training in Latin and Greek, and housed in a former hospital building on Müllerstrasse. Up to the turn of the century, some well-known people from contemporary history emerged from him, for example the painter Franz Marc , his brother Paul and the Chiemsee painter Constantin Gerhardinger ; Albert Einstein attended school for six years. The Byzantinist August Heisenberg taught at the Luitpold Gymnasium for several years from 1899. From 1902 to 1916 the grammar school was headed by Georg von Orterer , the then President of the Chamber of Deputies of the Bavarian State Parliament .

By royal resolution of June 24, 1918, the Luitpold-Gymnasium in Müllerstraße was put under one management together with the branch of the first Munich Realgymnasium , founded in 1864 because of the increased number of students , which had been in the neighboring Klenzestraße 54 since 1813/14 :

"His Majesty the King found himself most gracious, with effect from September 1, 1918 - unless otherwise specified - the branch on Klenzestrasse of this institution, which had previously existed at the Munich Realgymnasium, was renamed 'Altes Realgymnasium' for the time being. has to lead, separate and connect with the Luitpoldgymnasium in Munich under the name NEW REALGYMNASIUM under one line. "

- (Bavarian Main State Archives Munich)

On September 10, 1918, the New Realgymnasium started teaching at both locations. On April 30, 1919, ten people were shot on the school grounds of Luitpold in Müllerstrasse, the so-called hostage murder in Munich , as a result of which the Munich Soviet Republic ended in violence.

In 1921 the New Realgymnasium moved completely into the building at Müllerstrasse 7. After its destruction in 1944, the secondary school, which was converted into a high school for boys in 1938 , was initially housed in different locations; At its current location, it was named Albert Einstein Gymnasium in 1965 . The current State Luitpold-Gymnasium in Munich has historically nothing to do with the former gymnasium of the same name.


The building on Müllerstrasse was built in 1777 on the initiative of Elector Maximilian III. Joseph (1727–1777) built as a military hospital for the garrison town of Munich, at that time in front of the city gates in the Isar floodplains . After it had been almost completely rebuilt in the course of the expansion of the city in the following hundred years, a new military hospital was built in 1882 and the building on the so-called Lazarettbach was converted into a schoolhouse after a few years of different uses, which from 1887 housed the newly founded Luitpold-Gymnasium . The building was used as a school until 1944, from 1921 by the New Realgymnasium. On April 24, 1944, the house was bombed and burned down completely. After the end of the Second World War , a thermal power station was built in its place. In 2001 it ceased operations due to its old age. After an architectural competition announced in 2007, the buildings were converted into an urban residential and office ensemble from 2011 onwards according to the winning design .


  • Joseph Egenolf: K [önigliches] Luitpold-Gymnasium 1887–1912. In addition to a history of the institution building . Program of the K. Luitpold-Gymnasium in Munich for the academic year 1911/12 ( digitized version )
  • Anita Kuisle : Müllerstrasse thermal power station. History of a property in the Isarvorstadt . Office for the history of technology, Munich. Documentation 2009 ( excerpt PDF )

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Helmut Rechenberg : Werner Heisenberg - The language of the atoms. Life and Work - A Scientific Biography . Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg 2010; P. 21
  2. Dieter Albrecht:  Orterer, Georg Ritter von. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 19, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-428-00200-8 , p. 598 ( digitized version ).
  3. Since 1918 old secondary school , today the Oskar-von-Miller-Gymnasium Munich
  4. Quoted from: History of the Albert Einstein High School ( Memento from October 28, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  5. ^ The hostage murder in Munich. Detailed description of the days of horror in the Luitpold-Gymnasium according to official sources. Munich 1919 (digitized MDZ Munich)
  6. ^ History of the Albert Einstein High School ( Memento from October 28, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  7. ^ Anita Kuisle: Müllerstrasse thermal power station. History of a property in the Isarvorstadt . (2009); P. 8; P. 24 ( Memento of March 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ); (PDF; 15.1 MB)
  8. ^ Power plant, school, hospital. A history of the Gärtnerplatzviertel .
  9. "The Seven". Foundation stone for the conversion of a thermal power station in Munich . At: bau-netz May 24, 2011 (accessed January 27, 2017)