Kühkopf (Rhine)

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Waters Upper Rhine
Geographical location 49 ° 49 '10 "  N , 8 ° 26' 28"  E Coordinates: 49 ° 49 '10 "  N , 8 ° 26' 28"  E
Kühkopf (Rhine) (Hesse)
Kühkopf (Rhine)
length 5.9 km
width 5 km
surface 17 km²
main place Guntershausen estate
Card of the Cool Head
Card of the Cool Head

The Kühkopf is an island formed by the Upper Rhine and one of its oxbow lakes in the Hessian Ried . It belongs to the city of Riedstadt (northern part) and the municipality of Stockstadt am Rhein (southern part).


In 1829 a shortcut canal for the Rhine was dug at the Kühkopf. This is where the main river bed is now. So the Kühkopf became an island.
Rhine map section, 1744, with annotation: “e. He is on this island. Obr. Mentzel was shot ” . Today's Kühkopf is still a peninsula with a small Rhine island in front of it

Today's Kühkopf was originally an inland peninsula near Guntersblum ( Rhineland-Palatinate ), with east, north and south offshore Rhine islands.

In the course of straightening the Rhine (1828/1829), a straightening penetration was made west of the peninsula and the area was completely separated from the mainland on the left bank of the Rhine, making the peninsula a river island . The Rhine islands that were formerly off the peninsula have over the course of time connected to the Kühkopf through siltation, and the former main course of the Rhine became an old Rhine arch, the Stockstadt-Erfelder Altrhein .

The almost undeveloped Kühkopf today forms the " Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue " nature reserve together with the Knoblochsaue to the north and some smaller islands in the Old Rhine . The Kühkopf alone accounts for around 1,700 hectares of the 2,440 hectare nature reserve . The island can be reached via two bridges.


In the War of the Austrian Succession , a bridge was to be built from the offshore Rhine island to the western bank. During a related exploration of the water depth on June 25, 1744, the Hungarian equestrian general Johann Daniel von Menzel was fatally hit by a French sniper.


  • Sebastian Pfeifer: The Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue nature reserve, 4th edition 1979, Frankfurt am Main.
  • Franz Jahn: A hike through the nature and bird sanctuary "Kühkopf", with lots of drawings and a map.

Picture gallery

See also

Web links

Commons : Europe-Reservat Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files