KLUB is the name of the more modern Russian train control systems . The abbreviation "КЛУБ" stands for " Комплексное локомотивное устройство безопасности ", integrated locomotive safety device , and denotes a combination of route safety and cab signaling. The most common variant is KLUB-U , where the U stands for unified (унифицированный).
The KLUB-U driver's cab signaling can decode the signals of the trackside equipment with ALSN ( automatic traction vehicle signaling for continuous operation ) in order to be able to use old lines. In the newer ABTC-M block protection, driving terms can also be transmitted via TETRA digital radio in combination with satellite-based route location ( GPS or GLONASS ). The ITARUS-ATC connects KLUB-U via GSM-R digital radio with an ETCS level 2 compatible RBC block protection .
KLUB-U is also used for the high-speed lines for the Velaro RUS (Sapsan).
The variant KLUB-P (КЛУБ-П) is limited to a driver's cab signaling without route security. It is used exclusively in category II locomotives (special vehicles and shunting operations). The variant KLUB-UP (КЛУБ-УП) is also used in category I vehicles and replaces the conventional driver's cab signaling from ALSN.
The history of KLUB goes back to the year 1988, when considerations began for the use of a microprocessor-controlled driver's cab signaling, which allows extended functions. In the early 1990s, a number of proposals were tested and in October 1994 the first KLUB device was approved - in the following years 1214 locomotives were equipped with this first version. You can recognize them by the LED display (later KLUB devices use LC displays).
In 1997, the manufacturer VNIIAS proposed a new concept for train control, the development of which was approved by the Ministry. The concept COURSE B (КУРС-Б - Система комплексная унифицированная для регулирования и обеспечения безопасности движения поездов - Integrated system for unified train control and train safety ) saw three elements: the computerized KLUB-U-cab, the SAUT-brake monitoring (САУТ - система автоматического управления торможением) and the TS-KBM safety driving gear (ТС КБМ - телемеханическая система контроля система контроля система контроля).
Development for KURS-B began in 1998. To increase security, all modules must be implemented separately. The system was designed to be open so that further modules can be integrated later - all modules communicate with each other via a CAN bus. All sub-modules are available in duplicate in the system. Production of the KLUB-U began in 1999, the variants KLUB-UP and KLUB-P were then derived and have been in production since 2000.
The computerized KLUB-U driver's cab allows the connection of an electronic route map and the use of GLONASS (rarely also GPS) for satellite-supported positioning. In 2007, twelve percent of all KLUB-U controls were equipped with a GIS connection, the KLUB-UP controls are 100 percent delivered with satellite positioning. A PC interface allows recorded process data to be accessed to support maintenance and to refresh the electronic route maps. The tapped data are brought together and evaluated in a service center; the service center also issues route map updates.
The integration of digital radio into the KLUB-U system represents a significant expansion. The reason is that the ALSN line signals were no longer reliably recognized at high speeds. In the simplest case, the signals over 160 MHz or 460 MHz are transmitted as a radio signal via a "MOST" bridge circuit (Мост - bridge ). However, it is also possible to integrate signaling via GSM-R or TETRA. In the first phase, this is mainly used in the station area. The dispatcher can issue releases here (e.g. if stationary signals fail) and trigger an emergency stop remotely - this function was upgraded in 2004 at the instigation of the ministry.
The increasing number of modules led to an increased number of warning messages and automatically triggered brakes. An analysis led to a refined specification, which was incorporated into the trip computers in 2006 through a software update. The number of train cancellations then fell from 164 in 2006 to 80 in 2007. Since 2004, the development of new track facilities that communicates with the train set via an electronic signal box and digital radio has also been ongoing. This ABTC-M - block protection system (АБТЦ-М - система автоблокировки с централизованным размещением аппаратуры - autoblock system with central control) was introduced in 2006.
In 2010, almost 12,000 vehicles on the Russian Railways were equipped with satellite navigation, around 36 percent of the locomotives with KLUB-U or KLUB-UP. Estimates assume a need for 28,000 to 30,000 upgrades for satellite navigation in the period up to 2015, plus 50,000 portable positioning and communication devices for track workers. TETRA is used for communication between control centers, track workers and train personnel.
KLUB-U is part of an extended EKS concept (ЕКС - единая комплексная система управления тяговым подвижным составом - unit system for train control). It should also be possible to decode Eurobalises and, in an extension of the display, the derived driving terms should be shown in accordance with European standards. For cross-border use in Finland, the Italian-Russian train control system ITARUS-ATC ( ITAlian-RUSsian - Automatic Train Control ), which is compatible with ETCS , has been developed in cooperation with Ansaldo STS since 2007 . This system is similar to ETCS level 2 (it can communicate with its radio block center via GSM-R), but also has satellite positioning. In addition, inertial navigation and wheel sensors are used to measure distance and change of direction, so that the safety of passenger transport in the Russian Federation is guaranteed.
In January 2010, Ansaldo received the order to set up the ITARUS ATC system on a test track to later be expanded for the connection to Sochi for the 2014 Winter Olympics. Belarus is trying to obtain a license to use this ETCS- and KLUB-compatible train protection in the pan-European traffic corridors 2 and 9. At the end of November 2010, Finmeccanica (parent company of Ansaldo) and Russian Railways (parent company of VNIIAS) signed a binding letter of intent on a joint venture for the development of ITARUS-ATC.
In December 2015, the development results were presented to representatives of the UIC in Sochi . An EMU " Lastotschka " drove with ETCS Level 2 guidance and GSM-R on the North Caucasian Railway between Adler and Matzesta . The ETCS-compatible system was adapted to the requirements of the 1520 mm broad gauge system adapted. The use of virtual balises using wheel sensors and satellite positioning was used as a substitute for point-like influencing with Eurobalises . UIC General Secretary Mark Antony described the results as very advanced and considered a good basis for the development of ETCS L3 within the UIC.
100 stations, 100 vehicles and 50 train lines are to be equipped with train protection by 2020, the amount is estimated at around 2 billion euros.
- Positive Train Control - Development project in the United States for a train control system based on DGPS
- Italians build rail connection ( Memento from March 24, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) July 14, 2010
- http://www.trans-port.com.ua/index.php?newsid=12251 April 28, 2010
- "Russian Railways signs deal on joint projects with Finmeccanica" , November 25, 2010
- Разработка ОАО «НИИАС» получила высокое признание МСЖД. (No longer available online.) NIIAS December 10, 2015, archived from the original on September 16, 2016 ; Retrieved September 14, 2016 (Russian). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- "Russian Railways Signs $ 2Bln Italian Venture" , The Moscow Times, November 29, 2010