Catholic traditionalism

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Catholic traditionalism is a flow within the Roman Catholic Church , the restoration of certain liturgical traced forms and traditions, as existed before the Second Vatican Council were exercised (1962-1965) in the church and taught.

Liturgical traditionalism

To the traditionalists, as far as the rejection of their liturgical reform was the Second Vatican Council, meet, allowed Pope John Paul II. In 1984 under certain conditions, the celebration of the Holy Mass according to the Roman Missal of 1962 (after since 1974 in community fairs exclusively by Pope Paul VI. 1969 promulgated edition of the Roman Missal was used). In his Motu proprio Summorum Pontificum, Pope Benedict XVI regulated In 2007, the conditions under which liturgical celebrations in the extraordinary form of the Roman rite can take place, new.


As a rigorous manifestation of traditionalism, integralism is particularly distinguished. This differs fundamentally from liturgical traditionalism in that it rejects certain doctrines of the Second Vatican Council that are incompatible with earlier acts of the Church's Magisterium.

Historically, the integralist traditionalism goes back to the defensive struggle of the papacy before the First World War , which especially Pope Pius X. waged against modernism . Traditionalists see the defensive stance against modern errors of time as an essential part of the teaching documents of Catholicism . According to the Catholic view, the identity of the church is the same in all ages; At most the historical situation in which the Church of Jesus Christ has to fulfill its mandate is changeable ; Nor is the deposit of faith changeable. Nevertheless, the church is at the same time essentially identical with its manifestation in historical development, but at the same time it is always capable of reform in relation to its conceptions of a particular historical situation.

The French Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, who died in 1991, achieved the highest level of awareness among the spokesmen of Catholic traditionalism . His movement reportedly has a reach of over 600,000 followers. At the head of the movement is the Society of St. Pius X. with over 500 priests , which has no canonical status in the Roman Catholic Church since 1975. Illegal episcopal ordinations led to the excommunication of the four consecrated and two consecrating bishops in 1988. The excommunication of the four consecrated at the time was on January 21, 2009 by Pope Benedict XVI. canceled. They and the priests of the brotherhood are still suspended and are considered to be “vagante clerics” who, although valid, have been ordained priests in an irregular manner and work without church permission.

Sedis vacantism

While general traditionalism at least conceptually accepts the Pope as such, but without always obeying the actual incumbent, at least when it comes to the liturgy, a number of small groups have formed who believe that it has existed for a long time (e.g. from 1958 or later) no longer a legitimate Pope of the Roman Catholic Church .


The criticisms of Catholic traditionalism concern its rejection of the general human rights that arose in the course of the Enlightenment and the revolution of 1789 and the anti-Semitism and Islamophobia widespread by some prominent representatives .


  • Ph. Levillain (Ed.): Dictionnaire historique de la papauté. Paris 1994, ISBN 2-213-02537-1 .
  • G. Vallet, C. Pietri (Eds.): Paul VI et la modernité dans l'Église. (École francaise de Rome, Volume 72.) Rome 1984, ISBN 2-7283-0077-1 .
  • Georg May : The Faith of the Post-conciliar Church. Vienna 1983, ISBN 3-85406-048-3 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. The Roman Rite in the 1962 Missal
  2. ^ Letter to all bishops from Franz Schmidberger dated December 9, 2008
  3. ^ Pope rehabilitates fundamentalist bishops. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung . January 24, 2009. Retrieved January 25, 2009 .
  4. ^ Stefan Eiselin: Pope pardons notorious Holocaust deniers. In: Tages-Anzeiger . January 22, 2009. Retrieved January 25, 2009 .
  5. Webbextra: längre intervju med Williamson. In: Sveriges Television . January 21, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2009 .
  6. Süddeutsche Zeitung, January 30, 2009: The Vatican is looking for someone to blame ( Memento from April 28, 2014 in the Internet Archive )