The comic verse can with Robert Gernhardt be considered as "special German high comedy" and has a long tradition in German literature and poetry . It achieves its effect in the most varied of ways: here as a ballad in an outwardly traditional form that tells of a comic event (numerous of Heinrich Heine's poems belong to this category), there as a game with language and concentrated puns, the transitions to Dada and nonsense poetry or sound poetry ( ottos mops and other works by Ernst Jandl are more likely to be classified here).
What the various approaches have in common is that they usually do not derive their wit from a mere punchline (which might not even have to be named), but from a more or less consistently original linguistic or content design. The laugh achieved can therefore also be a laugh of amazement at daring but successful constructions. Sometimes surprising perspectives on the possibilities and limitations of the medium of language are opened up, and everyday insights are expanded and turned upside down. Heine, like Erich Kästner and others, sometimes give even the most liberated laughter a deeper meaning and an unobtrusive "political-philosophical dimension".
The most prominent authors of comic poetry include Wilhelm Busch , Christian Morgenstern , Joachim Ringelnatz , Kurt Tucholsky and Eugen Roth . But parts of the lyric work by Bertolt Brecht and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and numerous others can also be attributed to comic poetry. Major contemporary authors include Robert Gernhardt and other representatives of the New Frankfurt School, as well as Ror Wolf , Thomas Gsella and Steffen Jacobs . More recently, authors such as Alex Dreppec , Klaus Cäsar Zehrer and Christian Maintz have expanded the picture.
The English literature is replete with examples of comic poetry. In addition to Mother Goose and other Nursery Rhymes , the authors Jonathan Swift or Lewis Carroll , the author of Alice in Wonderland, should be mentioned here .
- Dear God, you are the boss, amen! Your rhinoceros: comical German-language poems of the 20th century . Ed. V. Christian Maintz, Sanssouci 2000, ISBN 3-7254-1173-5
- A louse in a watch case: comical poems from Morgenstern to Gernhardt . Reclam 2001, ISBN 3-379-20007-7
- Light and fast . Ed. V. Robert Gernhardt and Klaus Cäsar Zehrer, S. Fischer 2004, ISBN 3-10-025505-4
- German nonsense poetry . Ed. V. Klaus P. Dencker, Reclam 1978, ISBN 3-15-009890-4
- Poetic language games: From the Middle Ages to the present . Ed. V. Klaus P. Dencker. Reclam 2002, ISBN 3-15-018238-7
- Funny Poetry: Fifty Funny Poems . Ed. V. Harry Merry. Reclam 2003. ISBN 3-15-018446-0
- The funny Germans: 878 witty poems from 400 years . Ed. V. Steffen Jacobs, Zweiausendeins 2004, ISBN 3-86150-531-2
- Form a sentence with ... A poetry contest. Ed. V. Robert Gernhardt and Klaus Cäsar Zehrer, S. Fischer, ISBN 978-3-596-17437-9
- Word quake. Funny poems . Ed. V. Jan-Eike Hornauer, Lerato 2007, ISBN 978-3-938882-61-0
- smile . Ed. V. Anton G. Leitner, dtv 2009, ISBN 978-3-423-13779-9
- The smiling poet. New comic poems . Ed. V. Jan-Eike Hornauer, Candela 2013, ISBN 978-3-942635-16-5
- The tripe his daddel his you . Ed .: Walter Gerlach, marixverlag, Wiesbaden 2014, ISBN 978-3-86539-382-1 .
- When love swings Ed. V. Jan-Eike Hornauer, muc Verlag 2017, ISBN 978-3-9815181-6-0
- Hans-Georg Kemper: Komische Lyrik - Lyrische Komik. About deformations of a strict form . Niemeyer, Tübingen 2009, ISBN 978-3-484-51000-5
- “Ready to be cheerful” , FAZ , February 12, 2004, Gernhardt presents ten theses on the comic poem
- Heiner Link to the comic poem
- Werner Hadulla: What is a comic poem?
- Karl Kraus: Of humor and poetry