Critical regionalism

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lawn stairs of the town hall of Säynätsalo by Alvar Aalto, 1952
Bagsværd Church by Jørn Utzon, 1973–76

The critical regionalism is considered a sense of modern architecture, functional regional peculiarities in the design. In general, critical regionalism seeks a relocalization of modernity and is a late counter-movement to the so-called international style .


The term was first used by Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre, who used it to describe the work of the architect couple Dimitris and Susana Antonakakis and their office Atelier 66 , where in the design of the apartment building Emannouil-Benaki-Straße 118 in Athens from 1975 the fragmentation of the settlement of the Greek Picking up islands. Each apartment in the building is cut differently, sometimes with different ceiling heights. The stairwell is distributed throughout the house. With reference to Tzonis, Kenneth Frampton took up the example and the term in his standard work Die Architektur der Moderne and the book Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six points for an architecture of resistance , and the term found its way into the history of architecture in general.

Ex post, the term was also assigned to earlier buildings that stand out due to their strong regional ties, such as Alvar Aalto's work , in which the Finnish landscape and local building traditions are taken into account. It is seen as a danger of critical regionalism that it should serve as an argument for formal gimmicks. "Critical regionalism can easily be colonized by postmodernism, as the fate of some architects illustrates," wrote the magazine Archithese in 1990 .


The work of the following architects is assigned to critical regionalism:

Web links