The son of the piano maker Ignaz Bösendorfer joined his father's business after training at the Vienna Polytechnic Institute (1850–1852) . After his father's death in 1859, he took over the management of the new factory in front of the Schottentor, which had just been put into operation . In the same year, Bösendorfer introduced a change to the “Viennese piano mechanics”, with which a higher initial speed at the hammer head was achieved. The war in Italy was a severe blow to the company as it destroyed an important market.
In 1866 Ludwig Bösendorfer was awarded the title of purveyor to the court. He tried to get the emperor's title of chamber supplier, just like his father, but this turned out to be difficult because a long-term business relationship was a prerequisite. When the kk Hof opera theater was built , the piano makers Friedrich Ehrbar , Streicher and Bösendorfer were invited to produce two grand pianos, which were not allowed to exceed the price of 480 guilders each. For this achievement Ehrbar and Bösendorfer were awarded the title of chamber supplier in 1869, Streicher was already chamber supplier.
In the same year the concert halls of the Wiener Musikverein were completed. Bösendorfer donated fourteen of his grand pianos to the company. For this he was made an honorary member and later appointed to the management. The street in front of the music club building is now called Bösendorferstraße .
Bösendorfer showed its products with great success at several world exhibitions . Since then he has been considered the best piano manufacturer in Austria. He not only supplied the Austrian court in Vienna and the residence in Bad Ischl, but also the Russian tsar and the Japanese Meiji imperial court . In 1871 he moved into a larger production facility and relocated the sale to the then Palais Liechtenstein on Herrengasse , whose riding school he converted into the Bösendorfer Hall, which was inaugurated in 1872 with a concert by Hans von Bülow . The Bösendorfer Hall was known for its excellent acoustics; numerous well-known artists played here on Bösendorfer grand pianos.
Although he was married twice, Ludwig Bösendorfer had no offspring. In 1909 he sold the company to one of his friends, the banker Karl Hutterstrasser, who was awarded the title of kuk court and chamber supplier in 1910.
The demolition of Palais Liechtenstein and the halls as well as the outbreak of the First World War put a strain on Bösendorfer's health. He died in 1919 shortly after the end of the war. Ludwig Bösendorfer rests in an honorary grave in the Vienna Central Cemetery (17B-1-10).
- Ludwig Bösendorfer: The Viennese Clavier . In: Presented by the industrialists of Austria under the high protectorate of His K. and K. Highness of the Most Serene Archduke Franz Ferdinand (Hrsg.): Die Groß-Industrie Oesterreichs . Festival ceremony for the glorious fiftieth anniversary of the reign of His Majesty the Emperor Franz Josef I. Volume 3 . Leopold Weiss, Vienna 1898, VI. Instruments, scales and weights, p. 257-266 .
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Bösendorfer, Ludwig . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 24th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1872, p. 378 ( digitized version ).
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Bösendorfer, Ludwig . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 26th part. Imperial and Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1874, p. 370 ( digital copy ).
- Viktor Schützenhofer: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 408 ( ). In:
- Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 1, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1957, p. 98. In:
- Ingrid Haslinger: Customer - Kaiser. The story of the former imperial and royal purveyors. Schroll, Vienna 1996, ISBN 3-85202-129-4 .
- Reinhard Engel, Marta Halpert: Luxury from Vienna II. Czernin Verlag, Vienna 2002. ISBN 3-7076-0142-0
- Bösendorfer website
- Entry on Ludwig Bösendorfer in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Honorary grave of Ludwig Bösendorfer at the Vienna Central Cemetery
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian instrument maker|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 10, 1835|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 9, 1919|
|Place of death||Vienna|