Mödrath-Liblar-Brühler Railway

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mödrath-Liblar-Brühler Railway
Course book range : 224g (1934) 164d (1914)
Route length: 20.6 km
Gauge : (1898–1913) 1000 mm
(from 1903) 1435 mm
Opening in narrow gauge: 1901
Opening in standard gauge: 1904
Bergheimer Kreisbahn to Horrem
Bergheimer Kreisbahn from (Frechen-) Benzelrath
Bergheimer Kreisbahn to Nörvenich
Türnich / Balkhausen
Liblar village
BSicon exBS2c1.svgBSicon exBS2 + r.svg
BSicon exBHFq.svgBSicon exABZgr.svg
Liblar ( Euskirchener Kreisbahnen )
BSicon BHFq.svgBSicon xKRZu.svg
Trier – Cologne
BSicon exDSTq.svgBSicon exABZg + r.svg
Handover of the state railway and Donatus mine
BSicon exSTRq.svgBSicon exABZg + r.svg
Briquette factory in Liblar
BSicon exBS2c2.svgBSicon exBS2r.svg
Brühl pit
to the Maria Glück pit
from Pingsdorf
from Bonn ( Vorgebirgsbahn )
from Wesseling ( Querbahn )
Station, station
(Brühl-) Vochem
Route - straight ahead
Foothills Railway to Cologne

The Mödrath-Liblar-Brühl railway AG (MLBE) is a former railway company, the August 4, 1903, based in Cologne was founded. The lines of the Kleinbahn Mödrath-Liblar-Brühl of the West German Railway Company built in the previous years were transferred to her.

On January 1, 1913, the routes along with those of the Bergheimer Kreisbahn were nationalized by the Kingdom of Prussia.

Due to its importance for lignite mining, it was popularly known as the “Klüttenbahn” (after the Rhenish word “ Klütten ” for briquettes ).


Construction and operation by MLBE AG

Based on the model of the Bergheim and Euskirchen district railways , the Stettiner railway construction and operating company Lenz & Co GmbH began negotiations in 1894 to connect the lignite mines in the Ville to the existing state railway lines in Horrem and Liblar , which should also connect these nearby circular railways. The railway was to be continued via Brühl to Wesseling on the Rhine , where coal and sugar beets were to be shipped on the cheaper waterway.

Two ministerial decrees released the Liblar – Brühl – Wesseling line on August 29, 1894 and the Mödrath – Liblar line on November 28, 1894 as a narrow-gauge small railway. The construction and operation of the Brühl – Wesseling line (today the Querbahn ) was applied for as a side branch of the Rheinuferbahn by the Cöln-Bonn district railways and left to them.

For the construction and operation of the Mödrath – Liblar – Brühl route as well as the Bergheimer and Euskirchener Kreisbahnen, a separate railway company, the West German Railway Company based in Cologne, was founded, which also granted the concession for the narrow- gauge Mödrath – Liblar railway on July 3rd 1897 and for Liblar – Brühl on April 22, 1898. In a short construction period, operations in the Mödrath – Türnich section began on June 24, 1898, the Türnich – Liblar section on March 1, 1899 and Liblar – Brühl on May 1, 1901. the vehicle fleet was shared with the Bergheimer Kreisbahn.

By the end of 1904, the line was converted to standard gauge (1435 mm) with a third rail in order to make reloading to the freight traffic of the state railway superfluous and to use the line as a full-gauge Prussian "branch line" with the corresponding tariff regulations. For this purpose, on August 4, 1903, the "Mödrath-Liblar-Brühler Eisenbahn-Aktiengesellschaft", based in Cologne, was founded.

Traffic developed well, in 1900 64,350 people and 82,265 t of goods were carried, in 1907 138,674 people and 251,477 t of goods. In 1912 the railway ran 27,080 train kilometers in passenger trains, 40,816 train kilometers in mixed trains and 109,075 train kilometers in freight trains.

With effect from January 1, 1913, the MLBE was nationalized. For this purpose, the license document of 1903 provided a right to purchase, which the Prussian state exercised. On January 8, 1913, the MLBE AG was dissolved. The standard-gauge locomotives went to the state railway, the narrow-gauge wagons and locomotives were given to other railways of the WEG.

Operation as a state branch line

From 1913 to 1920, the Coeln Railway Directorate operated the line on the left bank of the Rhine . Since the State Treaty establishing the Reich Railways came into force on April 1, 1920, the Deutsche Reichsbahn became the legal successor in 1920 .

In the 1920s, passenger numbers fell sharply. Therefore, passenger traffic between Liblar and Brühl was stopped in 1927. On March 15, 1930, the expansion was completed, which enabled the Horrem – Mödrath – Liblar section as the main line for passenger and freight traffic.

Line closure

The first section had to be relocated in 1942 as a result of the lignite mining: Instead of the Liblar-Bahnhof - Gruhlwerk section , a branch from the Eifel section now led to the Gruhlwerk station. Because of the extensive lignite mining in the 1950s and 1960s, the entire route disappeared or was relocated. In 1956, Mödrath station was completely demolished. The last section (Kierberg / Heide - Vochem - Brühl) was closed on May 31, 1966.

Parts of the railway embankment between Mödrath and Türnich can still be recognized today as part of the strategic railway embankment .


Map of the Mödrath-Liblar-Brühler railway and the routes of the Bergheimer Kreisbahn


The railway line consisted of two parts, which were also separated for approval, concession and construction. One section ran from the train station in Mödrath in a southerly direction along the Ville ridge to Liblar with a connection to the national Eifel line . The second section then led east and north again through the Ville to Brühl.

The Mödrath – Liblar section connected the towns of Türnich / Balkhausen, Brüggen, Kierdorf, Zieselsmaar, Köttingen and passed through Liblar itself (as a “Liblar Dorf” stop). To the Liblar train station on the outskirts, the line was led in a wide arc to the Eifel line.

From Liblar to Brühl, the route swiveled in an easterly direction following the Brühl-Liblarer Landstrasse via the “Brühl” and “Maria Glück” pits to the Gruhlwerk station. From here it led in a northerly direction, crossed Heider Villestrasse and was led back to the east in an arc north of the Benden monastery and the Winterburg. In Brühl the line met at the Kaiserstraße stop on the so-called “Pingsdorfer Güterbahn”, a branch line of the Cologne-Bonn Railway , and then ended one and a half kilometers further at Vochem station.



  • Gerd Wolff: German small and private railways. Volume 4: North Rhine-Westphalia, southern part. EK-Verlag, Freiburg 1997, ISBN 3-88255-660-9 , pp. 110-112

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b http://www.schmalspurbahn.de/nrw.htm Narrow gauge railways in North Rhine-Westphalia
  2. a b c http://www.bahnen-im-rheinland.de/pb/mlb1.htm Annual report of the Mödrath-Liblar-Brühler Eisenbahn-Aktiengesellschaft in Cöln
  3. a b http://www.wisoveg.de/wisoveg/artikel/150jahre/ksta-weing07.html "The 'Klüttenbahn' didn't get very far" ", Kölner Stadtanzeiger of December 27, 1985
  4. a b c http://www.wisoveg.de/bergheim/bkb/festschrift/festschrift-bkb-mlb.html Festschrift for the opening of the branch lines of the Bergheim district and the "Mödrath-Liblar-Brühler" Eisenbahn-Aktiengesellschaft
  5. http://www.bahnen-im-rheinland.de/pb/mlb2.htm The Kleinbahn Mödrath-Liblar-Brühl as reflected in the annual reports of the West German Railway Company in Cologne
  6. http://www.dbhverlag.de/industrielle.html "The industrial and traffic-related development in lignite mining on the left bank of the Rhine 1877-1913" (by Manfred Coenen and Volker HW Schüler)
  7. Gerd Wolff: German small and private railways. Volume 4: North Rhine-Westphalia, southern part. EK-Verlag, Freiburg 1997, ISBN 3-88255-660-9 , p. 111
  8. a b http://www.wisoveg.de/bruehl/vg/emoedrath.html Brühl and the Railway - The Mödrath – Liblar – Brühler Railway
  9. http://www.mgkkerpen.de/mgk_mt.htm The Mödrath – Türnich route