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City of Brühl
Coordinates: 50 ° 50 ′ 37 ″  N , 6 ° 53 ′ 53 ″  E
Height : 78 m above sea level NHN
Residents : 4918  (December 31, 2017)
Incorporation : 1932
Postal code : 50321
Area code : 02232
Parish Church of Saint Matthew

Vochem is the northernmost district of the city of Brühl in the Rhein-Erft district . It is located on the lower slope of the foothills and has about 5,200 inhabitants.


Vochem is located on the lower eastern slope of the Ville in the foothills and on the western edge of the inner Cologne Bay . The Weilerhof with its lands, formerly part of Vochem, now forms the border to the Hürth district of Fischenich in the north. The neighboring towns of Brühl to the south-west are Kierberg and Heide , Vochem is directly adjacent to Brühl-Nord. The city center of Brühl is about two kilometers away.


Roman times

During the excavation of a sewer shaft in Vochem in Römerstrasse in 1959, a sarcophagus and a lead coffin from the late 3rd century were found right next to each other . Waldemar Haberey presented the findings and findings in 1962. In May 1972, part of a Roman burial ground was uncovered when a gymnasium was being built on Sankt-Albert-Strasse. Two cremations and four body graves were found here, including that of a 50-60 year old man in a lead coffin and that of a woman over 70 years old in a tuff sarcophagus . According to the grave goods , the burials on Sankt-Albert-Strasse date back to the 2nd half of the 3rd century and the 4th century AD.

Merovingian period

Info from the Lions Club, Brühl

One found near the St. Matthew's Church Stele for the Christian Merovingian Rignedrudis , now in the Rheinische Landesmuseum in Bonn issued, witnessed not only in the Merovingian continuing tradition of artfully edited grave stones , but also the early settlement of the present-day village Vochem.

Vochem - in early times to 1067 Vochena , starting in 1285 Vochum and around 1,304 Voggena called - used to belong to Electoral Cologne office Brühl.

middle Ages

The place gained only slowly and to a small extent a population increase over the centuries, as most of the landed property consistently belonged to the four determining large estates of the Vochem area.

These were:

Memorial cross for the former owners of the Fronhof
  • The Fronhof , with 265 old acres of land . It was mentioned in a document in the 11th century and belonged to the Church of the Electorate of Cologne . In a document of the Archbishop Anno II of Cologne, in which the monastery goods are named, which are awarded to the St. George's Collegiate Church founded by him "there", it says in 1067: We have lent the following estates from our property and that of St. Peter ... Vochem with all its income and "righteous" (jurisdiction) except tithing. The monastery transferred its serfdom to the noble family of von Aldenroide (Aldenrath near Gleuel ), who were therefore also called "von Vochem" from then on. Tenants of the Fronhof, this remained the property of the monastery until the secularization in 1802, also exercised the office of mayor and with it the lower jurisdiction (Hofgeding), the higher jurisdiction was subordinate to the jury of the Brühl office in Brühl.
  • The castle , with 219 acres of fields and 22 acres of tree gardens, was an Electoral Cologne fiefdom and as such was qualified to belong to the state parliament in the status of knighthood . His possessions were forever "exempted" from taxes. The castle was for many centuries in the possession of the ancient from Hersel near Bonn (now Bornheim- Hersel derived) noble family of "from Hersel" (or heart Elles, Hersellen). Around 1207, a daughter of Hermann von Hersel founded the Marien-Benden monastery, which is adjacent to Vochem .
  • The courtyard, called the manor house , with 66 acres of land, a second noble house next to the castle, was also entitled to the state parliament in the status of knighthood. The property was formerly a fief of Vilich Abbey .
  • The hamlet of Hof , a former property of the Carthusian monks in Cologne, still comprised 284 acres of arable land, 12 acres of tree and vegetable gardens, without the associated woodlands , at the time of the secularization . At the beginning of the 14th century there was a manor house on the site, which was surrounded by several small farms and was later combined into one manor . This emerges from a document from 1316 in which the owner, a Godecalens de Wilre, appears as a witness with his son Johann . The fields of the estate were partly in the Vochem field, partly in the Jülich area . After the secularization, the estate was sold by the French to a Mr. Schöllgen , with the exception of a 100-acre forest "in the Vill" (Ville), which remained in the hands of the tax authorities .

Through his acquisitions of secularized lands from the Fischenich Carthusian court, the property grew to almost 600 acres. He later sold these lands of the hamlet of Hof, which he rounded off to immense size, to Rhodius from Mülheim am Rhein. After his death, the widow Rhodius married Friedrich Wilhelm Bendleb, who built a stately, also preserved villa in a park-like garden that still exists today. Later the entire estate was bought by Hilarius Kreuser, mine owner in Mechernich ( Eifel ).


In 1847, Brühl was divided into individual municipalities , which received their own cadastre , treasury and municipal councils . In 1876 the Roddergrube union began in Brühl as the first in the Rhenish lignite mining area with lignite mining and briquette production. Vochem also benefited from this through the influx of many workers who settled around the new mines and factories. For the period around 1890 it was called “a parish village with about 100 houses”, then the village began to grow.

The core of the village developed mainly on three streets. Along the main road, which is interrupted today by the Cologne- Euskirchen railway line , and the elevated road “Sommersbergbrücke”, and then continues uphill above. Furthermore, numerous residential buildings were built on Kierberger Strasse and Weiler Strasse leading to the hamlet of Hof and on to Fischenich .

In addition to the numerous “Kotten” of the “common people”, stately mansions were also built. Both forms of development can still be found in Vochem today.

In 1897 another innovation was celebrated with the opening of the foothill railway leading through the town of Brühl, which also had a station in Vochem.

20th century

Vochem was for the lignite industry for transshipment point, since the newly created line of cross-train in 1901, the town with the Rhine port Wesseling joined.

In 1920 a wagon workshop was built in Vochem for the maintenance of the freight wagons procured in the course of the upward trend in coal transport. In March 1945 the "Cologne-Bonn Railways" temporarily stopped all operations due to the war.

Deutsche Renault Automobilgesellschaft KG , which settled at its current location in Brühl-Vochem in 1959, employed 620 people at the time.

In 1966 a 540 m long track roof was handed over to the company in Vochem, under which the bucket car trains loaded with freshly pressed briquettes could be parked to cool down. At the same time, the roofing served to protect against the effects of the weather, so the briquettes were given greater strength.

1971 The Andreas Church completed its first phase of construction. 1988 The "Zum Sommersberg" bridge in Brühl-Vochem was inaugurated. 1992 Opening of the vehicle museum in Brühl-Vochem with 12 (today 32) historic vehicles. In 2001 a P + R facility was opened in Vochem at the stop of line 18 with 66 parking spaces.


St. Matthew

The story of the church of the Catholic parish, consecrated to St. Matthew, begins with the construction of the first chapel in the 13th century. Like that of Kierberg and Brühl themselves, this chapel was subordinate to the “mother church” of Kendenich . Only when Brühl was raised to an independent parish under Archbishop Wigbold von Holte , Vochem became a branch of the Brühl parish. Instead of the first chapel, a first single-nave church with a mighty tower was built at the end of the 13th century right next to the former castle. This previous church, like today's one dedicated to St. Matthew, was replaced by a new Gothic building at the end of the 19th century . In 1963/65 it was expanded by the installation of a transept by Hans Joachim Lohmeyer and supplemented with modern bronze sculptures by the Cologne artist Hans Rheindorff.

Andreas Church

After the last world war , many Protestant refugees settled in Vochem and the neighboring districts. Therefore it was decided to erect buildings for a new Protestant community on the site of the old Vochem Fronhof. The first construction phase was completed in 1971 and includes the community center with hall on the Sommersberg. The other planned buildings (church, kindergarten, rectory), however, have not yet been built. A temporary solution , the community hall as a church service room , serves as a replacement for around 2000 Protestant believers in Vochem, Kierberg and Heide.

A school with a past

Catholic elementary school Vochem

Municipal Catholic Primary School

School lessons were given in Vochem since 1787 (after Rosellen). The first school vicar was a Mr. N. Bauer until 1797. From 1805 to 1815, after the teacher's death, the position was vacant and the Vochem children went to Kierberg to attend school. In 1815 school lessons were resumed in the village. In 1830 the school building was laid down, you bought a building in Roggendorf whose wood erected in Vochem again and half-timbered served as a school until the 1869th In 1869 this second school building was sold for demolition and a new one built with two classrooms and teachers' apartments. In 1874 the one-class school was converted into a two-class one.


The station Bruehl-Vochem located on the Vorgebirgsbahn and the harbor railway line Brühl-Vochem-Cologne-Godorf . On the first-mentioned route, tram line 18 of the KVB runs with connections in short intervals to the city center and to Cologne and Bonn . The latter route is used for freight traffic and operational trips. With public transport you can also take the city bus 704 from Stadtwerke Brühl to Vochem.

The K7 (L 183) runs through Brühl-Vochem.

Literature / sources

Web links

Commons : Vochem  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. http://offenedaten.kdvz-frechen.de/dataset/6af925ab-855f-457d-b3b8-7904f9faad3a/resource/6af925ab-855f-457d-b3b8-7904f9faad3a
  2. ^ Waldemar Haberey: Late Roman graves in Brühl. In: Bonner Jahrbücher . tape 162 , 1962, pp. 397-407 .
  3. ^ Raymund Gottschalk: Late Roman graves in the area around Cologne . Philipp von Zabern, Darmstadt 2015, ISBN 978-3-8053-4956-7 , p. 293-296 .