Madeline Early

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Madeline Levin Early (born April 1, 1912 in Brooklyn , New York , † January 20, 2001 in Ann Arbor , Michigan ) was an American mathematician and university teacher .

Life and research

Early was born in Brooklyn, the youngest of seven children of Russian immigrants. She attended public schools in New York City and studied mathematics at Hunter College , where she was a member of Pi Mu Epsilon. In 1932 she received her bachelor's degree there and then studied at Bryn Mawr College . In 1933 she obtained a master’s degree and did her doctorate in 1937 with William Welch Flexner with the dissertation An Extension of the Lefschetz Intersection Theory . After graduating, she was an instructor at Hunter College. In the early years of World War II, she attended the Hunter-Bellevue School of Nursing (Brookdale Campus) and earned a bachelor's degree inNursing at the affiliated New York University . From 1945 to 1947 she served in the Navy at the US Naval Hospital St. Albans on Long Island and later on the Island of Guam . She then did research at the University of Michigan until 1948 . In 1949 she married the mathematician Harold Early, with whom she had a son in 1951 and divorced in 1958. In 1956 she became an assistant professor at Eastern Michigan University , an associate professor in 1959 and a full professor in 1967 until her retirement in 1975.

Publications (selection)

  • 1934: Levin, M .; Flexner, WW: The intersection of arbitrary chains and its boundary. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 20.
  • 1937: Levin, M .: An extension of the Lefschetz intersection theory. Rev. Cienc. (Univ. Nac. Mayor San Marcos, Lima) 39.


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